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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30355

    Title: 中國大陸石油需求與石油安全之研究(1978~2008)
    Other Titles: A study on the petroleum demand and its security in China (1978~2008)
    Authors: 張嘉純;Chang, Jia-chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    吳漢;Wu, Han
    Keywords: 中國大陸;石油需求;石油安全;政治經濟;能源外交;China;Petroleum demand;petroleum security;Political Economy;energy diplomacy
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:35:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 隨著經濟發展,中國大陸對石油的需求日益增加,石油的供需矛盾也日益突出。1993成為石油淨進口國,2003年中國大陸成為世界第二大石油消費國之後,2008年5月首次超過日本,成為世界第二大原油進口國。中國大陸正面臨巨大的挑戰,巨大的石油需求使石油對外依存度逐步增加的狀況,造成中國大陸石油安全的威脅,對經濟亦造成極大的威脅。這樣的局勢對追求穩定發展的中國大陸將造成什麼影響,而中國大陸又如何化解其困境,亦受到國際的關注。
    As China’s economy is booming, its demand for petroleum is increasingly expanding, and the supply-demand inconsistency starts to surface. Since 1993, China had been one of the net import countries for petroleum. After 2003 when China became the second largest oil consuming country, it first outpaced Japan in May, 2008, to become the second largest import country for crude oil. However, the constantly increasing dependence on foreign oil is now challenging China, threatening China’s oil security and economy. International attention is being attracted to how the situation will impact on China, which is currently questing for stable development and how China will overcome the difficulty.
    This study sets out from the angle of international political economics to examine China’s internal and external oil security environment and the direction of China’s oil security strategies. The study comprises six chapters: Chapter 1 is the overall introduction, Chapter 2 analyzes global markets and the supply-demand status of petroleum in China, Chapter 3 explains, based on theories, the relation between national security and oil energy in China, Chapter 4 analyzes China’s oil security strategic arrangements, Chapter 5 focuses on the evaluation of China’s oil security strategic arrangements, and Chapter 6 concludes the whole paper.
    The study shows that the tactics of “petroleum stockpile” and “exploration of outside of China” among China’s oil security strategies are the most initiative and effective. They are not only closely connected with China’s oil security but also with the stable development of China. As China’s economic strengths enhance, petroleum diplomacy as a part of economic diplomacy does not serve only to solve the economic hardships of China. Advancing from tactics to strategies, it also serves as a diplomatic tool to project the image of a superpower.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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