“A united battlefront, armed struggles, and party reconstruction” are three magic keys of Communist Party of China (CPC) to defeat enemies during Chinese revolutions, among which, the united battlefront and the armed struggles are two weapons in the grasp of CPC and can be brought into full play only under CPC’s leadership. Party reconstruction; therefore, becomes the central link of the three magic keys. Since the establishment of Communism regime in 1949, in order to consolidate its sovereignty, CPC has kept conducting various purge activities through party reconstruction. The theme, “To enhance governance capability of the CPC,” brought up during the Fourth Plenary Session of the 16th CPC Central Committee in September, 2004 was one of the party reconstruction actions taken by CPC to maintain its superiority in power coping with repeated issues that threaten its prestige and public reliance in recent years. However, governance capability of CPC, either experienced by general Chinese public or an international impression, almost equals corruption. The civil service is riddled with corruption, which seriously threatens the sovereign power of CPC. CPC itself will destroy its reins of governance and be abandoned by the public if it ignores the common aspiration of general people and takes a laissez faire towards corruptive climate. Hence, anti-corruption struggle becomes the key issue in current party reconstruction for CPC.
This thesis investigates CPC’s combat against corruption through the following aspects. First, to generalize CPC’s party reconstruction activities focused on anti-corruption since the year of 1979 and try to identify causal relationships between such activities and the efforts to consolidate its sovereignty. Second, to put together the types, characteristics, and trends of corruption in China mainland, analyze root causes; conclude political, economic, and social losses and damages in China mainland resulted from such corruption; and prove that corruption have already shaken CPC’s leadership. Third, in order to remain the core of leadership, CPC has highlighted anti-corruption struggle as the key in current party reconstruction. This thesis reviews and evaluates CPC’s current strategies and actions taken against corruption, and tries to discover the mechanism helpful to the improvement of its governance capability aiming at a forecast on its anti-corruption combat.
Through various stages of “anti-corruption in movements,” “anti-corruption in power,” and “anti-corruption in systems,” CPC has never stopped its efforts in the combat against corruption. However, previous anti-corruption mechanisms tended to be peripheralized and became sample policies without actual effects, while with the new leadership coming into power, in order to stop the spread of corruption new anti-corruption strategies will have to be drafted in accordance with the new political, economic, and social situations. For this reason, CPC will only have to establish a permanent central theme of anti-corruption to run through it all, which is the conclusion of this thesis: “One core—a new anti-corruption concept, “based on people,” and “based on citizen.”” “Two basics—“an independent and detached judiciary,” and “the will and spirit of the leaders.”” Starting from this concept, combined with various anti-corruption mechanisms and measures to improve governance capability in operation, “anti-corruption in systems” will become a regular mode, and the decree to enhance governance capability will bring into actual effects.