|其他題名: ||The influence of Lien & Song's visit to China in 2005 on cross-strait political party exchanges|
|作者: ||黃錦紹;Huang, Chin-shao|
|關鍵詞: ||國共政黨交流;兩岸論壇;統一戰線;和平協議;communications between KMT and CCP;Cross-strait forum;united front;Peace agreement|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:34:49 (UTC+8)|
After several decades of twists and turns in cross-strait relations, Taiwanese people have come to realize that the confrontation between the two sides could compromise its own interests, and only a peaceful, stabilized and prosperous cross-strait relations could benefit Taiwan''s long term interests. The opposition KMT party sent a delegation of Peaceful Journey to China in 2005, bringing an end to the standoff with its rival Chinese Communist Party that last nearly 60 years. KMT further eased the tension of the two sides by reaching a "Joint Vision for the Peaceful Development of the Taiwan Strait" agreement with its Chinese counterpart. Under the circumstances, political parties and organizations from the Pan-Blue camp started a China rush and sent delegations to visit China one after anther. Through party exchanges, they set up a multi-lateral negotiation mechanism and a dispute solving mechanism with CCP, hoping to encourage two sides to engage in commercial talks and discussions as well as to solve the trade and commercial disputes. We can say that the exchange among political parties across the strait offers an opportunity to alleviate the political standoff, and the nature of exchange has been extended from trade and commercial to that of politic.
As the "One China" principle remains unchanged, Hu Jintao''s policy towards Taiwan centers in "placing great hopes on Taiwanese people," which resorts to tactics such as "carrots and sticks", "advancing reunification through economy", as well as "pressing the government by the people", hoping to isolate the DPP government politically and to change Taiwanese people''s perception towards China by offering economic benefits. China invited the pan-blue political parties to visit mainland in April, May and July, right after its enactment of the anti-recession law in March 2005, clearly reflecting its hard and soft tactics.President Chan claimed to tighten cross-strait relations by switching the government''s policy from "actively open up" to "actively manage" at the New Year''s Day of 2006.The government ceased the function of the National Reunification Committee and the National Reunification Guiding Principles on 27th February the same year, escalating the cross-strait tension over night. With anti-china ideology as its only value along the years, the DDP has transformed the diversification of Taiwan into a society of single voice by its policy of removing the Chinese influences in terms of culture, history as well as education. The DDP keeps provoking China into suppressing Taiwan because it can turn the China''s hostility into its own political advantages. Mr. Lien and Song''s trips to China not only have promoted the mutual understanding between the people of the two sides but also provided an opportunity for peaceful development, a foundation for negotiation over peace agreement in the near future. Even though the KMT wins the 2008 presidential election and gets back the reins of government, yet a new round of political struggle and competition is just around the corner as the peaceful development issue of the cross strait relations takes center.
The argument between the two sides lies in the difference of political systems instead of struggle over independence or reunification. After the 2008 presidential election, The KMT party successfully took back the ruling power. Although president Ma Ying-jeou reiterates that his administration will operate under the principle of " putting Taiwan first for the benefit of the people," Taiwan is no longer the one that ex-president Chen Shui-bien put on priority of agenda during his eight-year tenure, but the one that has undergone globalization with mature democracy. Given the facts that President Ma has pledged to take steady steps in the cross-strait relations rather than haste ones, along with the peaceful foundations set by political parties of the two sides, if Taiwan''s democratic value could influence mainland China through political party exchanges, further upgrading commonalities in way of life and values of the two sides and promoting the mutual understanding of the people, we believe that the peaceful agreement between the two sides
will see a promising future.