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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30334

    Title: 中共「十六大」後共青團幹部崛起之意涵與影響
    Other Titles: The implications and influence of the rise of the communist youth league cadres after the 16th party congress
    Authors: 李福龍;Li, Fu-long
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    潘錫堂;Pan, His-tang;龔春生;Gong, Chun-sheng
    Keywords: 共青團;團系幹部;政治菁英;崛起;China Communist Youth League;Communist Youth League Cadre;Political Elit;Rise
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:34:25 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 「中國共產主義青年團」(以下簡稱「共青團」),係指「中國共產黨領導的先進青年的群眾組織」,一方面推薦優秀團員作為黨員發展對象,二方面向黨政等各領域輸送年輕後備幹部,始終是對大陸青年最具吸引力的政治團體。在中國大陸政治體制下,共青團不但是全國性的群眾團體,亦為中共重要的幹部儲備庫,具有輸送優秀幹部到各黨政機關、群眾團體的組織任務,還可以在各地吸納不同背景、類型的年輕幹部進入共青團任職,成為團系關係網絡的成員。這種以全國為範圍的幹部輸送與吸納特徵,都是傳統派系所沒有的優勢。
    Communist Youth League of China(C.Y), refers to the mass organization of advanced young people, which are led by the Communist Party of China. C.Y, on the one hand, commend outstanding member for the development of the organization, on the other hand, deliver back-up young cadres to various departments of the party. In China''s political system, Communist Youth League is not only a national mass organizations, but also an important reserve places, it picks cadre to various Party and government organizations as well as grassroots. Besides, C.Y buying in different background and different type young cadres enter Communist Youth League to work. These characteristics that mention above have the advantages that the traditional clique do not have.

    In early 1980, Chinese Communist Party assign cadre under the'' Four Modernizations '' policy, many cadre of C.Y promoted by Hu Yaobang held the important duty in the party and in the Governmental agency. In 1987, along with Hu Yaobang lost his power, the promotion of cadre of C.Y becomes obviously slow. When Jiang Zemin became general secretary, he assigned the member from'' Shanghai group'' massively. Many cadres of C.Y had no chance to '' stand up ''. However, Hu Jintao was appointed as the first secretary in Central Committee of Communist Youth League Secretariat, and was in charge of Communist Youth League in 14th Party Congress from 1992. In 15th Party Congress, Hu'' status in the Party was sure, he He looked for large quantities of familiar people to hold as future leaders. After Hu Jintao is in power, he assigns many young and the strong cadres of C.Y hold the post of the provincial level party politics member position. C.Y. The group of C.Y substitutes for the group of Jiang to be a foregone conclusion.

    At present entire mainland China 31 provinces, capital areas and cities. Subordinates to the Communist Youth League cadre to be promoted provincial party committee secretary and governor, occupies the national provincial level party politics to lead the member 40.3%. Moreover, there are 8 persons have the Communist Youth League backgrounds in the list of CPC Central committee. This kind of situation unprecedented. Besides, observes the promotion route in Central Committee of the CCP organization and personnel. The chief leaders of local Provincial Chinese Communist Party regards as the main CPC Central committee candidate''s name list. It shows that members trained in local party methodically become the principal mode to get the promotion. With the status of chief leaders of local CCP get higher, the role of chief leader in Provincial Chinese Communist Party has become more important.
    The paper divides into six chapters, the first chapter is an introduction, the second chapter describes the development history of the establishment of Communist Youth League, the third chapter is the discussion of reform and open policy before 16th Party Congress, the regimental grade cadre official career development, after the fourth chapter is discusses 16th Party Congress, cadre to develop present situation, the fifth chapter analyzes the reason, characteristic and the influence of rising cadre, the sixth chapter make a conclusion, and the induction which give following research direction.

    To sum up, the cadre has the superiority of revolutionization, the youth oriented, knowledge-based and specialization. Besides, they are often assigned for the successor. Under planed promotion by the incumbent leader, their strength is day by day prominent. I hope this research, can open the interest of the scholar to inherit the research to the Chinese Communist Party authority, and make a more precise judgment to the future leader of the Chinese Communist Party.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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