|摘要: ||中國大陸學生軍訓，開始於20世紀50年代。1955年7月，經過第一屆全國人民代表大會第二次會議審議頒發《中華人民共和國兵役法》，第一次從法律上對學生軍訓作了規定。首先在北京體育學院、北京鋼鐵學院進行試點。1955 至1957年間，依據《中華人民共和國兵役法》的規定，先後在全國127所中等學校進行了學生軍訓試點。|
The military training in PRC’s University commenced from 1950s. In July 1955, the first National General Representative Assembly in its second round meeting deliberated PRC’s Military Services Law. This is the first time to stipulate students’ military training by law. Beijing Physical College and Beijing Iron & Steel College were the first two to have a trial, and then from 1955 to 1957, the experiment goes to 127 high schools accordingly.
In the early 1960s, the state department approved the first grade students of 38 high schools and 70 junior high/ junior specialized schools in the 53 big and medium cities around the country to take the trial. The trial was broken down during culture revolution. The time for the students to have military training comes to maturity after eleventh community party general assembly. Document #11 designated higher level educational institutes to put military training courses into teaching plan in 1981. The sixth National General Representative Assembly issued a new Military Services Law which brings students’ military training courses out to a single chapter. The country values students’ military training so much, from 1985 to 1996, therefore, more than 500 high schools and 3000 medium schools had developed the courses. In July 2001, the office of state department and the office of central military committee announced document # 48 which transmitted the opinion of work of students’ military training in the medium and high school. The department of education and central military committee convened a “conference of national students’ military training review” in Tianjin in November 2001. Undergoing more than a decade, the trail of students’ military training go to its own end and a new era is expanding.
According to the regulations and documentations, students’ military training was asked for to fellow the essence of military ideology of Mao Ze Dong, Deng Xiao Ping, Jiang Ze Min, and Hu Jin Tao. The students had to learn the idea of national defense, the old traditions of PLA, insisting on community parties’ leading, and the theories and skills of military. All of this are preparing for the PLAs’ need in the future, increasing the idea of national defense and security, strengthening patriotic and collectivism, intensifying organizational principle, cultivating volition and patience, improving students’ quality and knowledge. In order to reach the goal of “to make country rich and to build up military power,” it is necessary to bring up high level of human resources, to build the students’ concept to concern with the national affairs, the life and death of nationality, and the rise and decline of the country.