Globalization has forced Taiwan to face a whole new situation not only politically but also economically. In order to maintain their competitiveness in the international market, Taiwan’s enterprises need to undergo constant internationalization phases and deployments.
The government of Taiwan promoted the “Plan to Develop Taiwan into an Asia-Pacific Regional Operations Center” in 1995, followed by the “Plan for Global Deployment and Development” in 2000, and consequently the “Action Plan to Develop Taiwan as Headquarters of Enterprises” in 2002, which was within the framework of “Challenging 2008 – A National Development Plan”. Main purposes of this Action Plan are aimed at setting up “Free Harbors”, promoting “Headquarters”, building “Sea and Air Hubs”, implementing “Barrier-Free Customs Clearance System”, and supporting “Electric Business Management”, so that the enterprises, domestic and multinational likewise, are encouraged to set up their operation headquarters in Taiwan.
Taiwan’s goals of promoting “operation headquarters” are not limited only in increasing the efficiency of logistic, but also in the development of human resources, finance, as well as information flow. However, to attract foreign investment to set up operation centers in Taiwan has become a much challenging task, especially in light of the rapid development of the neighboring competitors such as Hong Kong and Shanghai, which are also ambitiously aiming at becoming springboards for the Chinese inland market or serving as international finance centers.
This dissertation will focus in the analysis and comparison of promoting operation headquarters among Taiwan, Hong Kong and Shanghai, their similarities and differences, their advantages and disadvantages, their strength and weakness, as well as their overall environment such as policies, transportation and communication, legal framework, administration, monitoring of foreign currencies, monetary policies, and tax incentives among others. Through the National-Competitiveness-Indexes of IMD (Lausanne, Switzerland), with the help of SWOT-analyses, and also comparing the policies and development models of Hong Kong and Shanghai, this study will provide with suggestions more suitable for Taiwan, so that the government of Taiwan can take them into account for future planning.