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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30319

    Title: 中國工業部門外資企業的效率分析
    Other Titles: Efficiency analysis of foreign-owned enterprises in China's industrial sector
    Authors: 張雅君;Chang, Ya-chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    傅豐誠;Fu, Feng-chen
    Keywords: 中國大陸;工業;外資企業;效率;資料包絡分析法;Mainland China;Industrial Sector;Foreign-owned Enterprises;Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:33:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中國大陸自1979年改革開放以來,二十多年裡展現了舉世矚目的經濟成果。其中,外資的引進與經濟的發展息息相關,中國擁有豐富的天然資源與廉價的勞動力,但早期缺乏資金與技術,必須要引進外資才能夠發展國家經濟,因此,藉外資以彌補國內資金缺口,並同時引進國外的生產技術,用以加速工業化與產業的升級,一直是中國經濟改革的重點工作之一。
    Since the Economic Reform in 1979 and for the past 20 years, Mainland China has emerged to the world arena with its tremendous economic achievements. Foreign direct investment contributed to the economic developments. China’s abundant natural resources, cheap labor force and lack of funds and technique in the early days all required foreign capital to make up for indentation of domestic funds. Therefore, introduce foreign production technique and accelerate upgrade of industrialization have been the key tasks of Mainland China’s economic reform. At the same time, the majority of foreign-owned enterprises in the eastern region made a distinct difference between coastal and inland regions.
    This research adopts data from the industrial sections published by the Chinese authorities, they are as following: “Statistical yearbook of China”, “China industrial economic statistical yearbook” and “The data of The Third National Industrial Census of The People''s Republic of China in 1995”. The analysis of efficiency measurement uses the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) for the foreign-owned enterprises in 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002, and 2005. The results are:
    1.Foreign-owned enterprises in the eastern regions are more efficient than others because of their past history and location. The over investment and competition of the foreign enterprises in the eastern regions and scale efficiency are turning way from suitable production scale.
    2.The efficiency value in the CRS of the foreign-owned enterprises progresses with time. However, the progress is the shortening of gaps in efficiency levels between different locations, not the actual overall efficiency.
    3.Looking at foreign-owned enterprises at different time periods, the total factor productivity decreased and production frontier shifted downward. The decreasing gap between regular foreign-owned enterprises and that of the most efficient enterprise show that despite regional differences, the gap between different foreign-owned enterprises is gradually shortening.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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