|摘要: ||中共「國防生」主要是由軍隊有關單位依托普通高等院校，從參加全國高考的高中畢業生及在校大學生中選拔培養的青年學生，其在校期間，須接受必要的軍政訓練，畢業後按協定到軍隊工作。其設計理念與美國預備軍官訓練團（Reserve Officers Training Corps，簡稱ROTC）制度極為類似。|
“Students for National Defense” in China are young students selected from high school graduates taking national college entrance exam and university undergraduates. Not only military school, some folk school also provide academic training for military. Those students will have both the military and political training in their college time, and then serve in the military after graduation according to their contracts. The basic concept of the system is similar to ROTC, Reserve Officers Training Corps, in USA.
The project of “Students for National Defense” has already been implemented continually in assigned universities nationwide since 2000. Until the end of 2007, 116 universes have already signed the contract with military, recruited accumulatively 65,000 students, and had approximately 48,000 enrolled students. In 2010, the proportion for military officers trained by universities will be approximately 60%, and more than 2/3 will be the graduates of students for national defense; moreover, there will be more than 120 universities signed the contract with military.
China’s academic education in military training focuses on developing and refining the ability of general knowledge. As for the professional education, it emphasizes on professional training and application. Except different kinds of military colleges, China also makes good use of the resources from higher education system. Recently, military cooperates with many universities in order to provide better training for their future military talents.
In order to confront the challenge of the Revolution in Military Affair, most of the countries accelerate the task of military training in order to retain high quality military talents. From military talents education point of view, using higher education as resources to train the future military personnel is a trend all over the world. The characteristic for this approach is to use the resources from higher education in order to level up the quality of military education and make the allocation of education resource more reasonable for better economic and social benefits.
Although the project of students for national defense has assisted the modern military construction and improved the talent knowledge structure, it caused some new problems. Those problems showed that there are still some limitation as implementing the project, such as system design, environment in the military, and student personal factors. If those problems are not able to solve, they may influence the performance of this project and caused negative effects.