As China’s economic strength and comprehensive national strength have been continuously enhanced since the reform and opening up to the outside world in 1978, Western superpowers are afraid of China''s rise. Besides, China is in urgent need of a long-term peaceful and stable international environment for the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way by 2020 and maintaining long-term peace and stability.
Due to various domestic and foreign factors, China’s leadership realizes that if want to live in international society, become a big country or great world power; China should not only use hard power but soft power in dealing with international superpowers. That’s to say, it should not only display reviewing troops, military parade and technology, but also embody its nationality inside information and connotation to attract and persuade people. Thus, it can reduce the suspicion about “China threat theory” of the western countries. So, building a harmonious world is a very important guarantee to China reaching its goal of development now and in the future.
In September 15, 2005, Hu Jintao, President of China delivered a speech entitled Making Great Efforts to Build a Harmonious World with Long-lasting Peace and Common Prosperity at the 60th UN General Assembly, and posed a global perspective about “Harmonious World”. China actively introduced Confucian ideas of “benevolent government”, “benevolence” and “harmony is most valuable” into its strategy framework of soft power as a secret attack on western world. The most conspicuous example, as “Chinese Fever” spreads over the world, China’s government sponsored the National Office for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language to set up “Confucius Institute” in the world as a culture exchange center and a base of teaching Chinese.
195 Confucius Institutes have been established in 64 countries and regions by the end of 2007 since the first Confucius Institute opened on November 21, 2004 in Seoul, Korea,It showed that China takes “building a harmonious world” as its foreign policy’s axis.For reducing cumulative political hostility from western countries about “China threat theory”, China actively establishes Confucius Institute with cultural diplomacy in the world, attempts to make a peaceful surface by language as an instrument for communication on a universal value. China makes a peaceful rise surface. In the meantime, China expresses its influence of cultural strategy to the world, increases its weight of speech in Asian and Pacific affairs, and then takes control of regional initiative, for finally reach the goal of “the Beijing Consensus replaces the Washington Consensus”.