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|Other Titles: ||transfer of political power in the top leadership in China（1978－2004）|
|Authors: ||張志峰;Chang, Chih-feng|
潘錫堂;Pan, His-tang;龔春生;Gong, Chun-sheng
|Keywords: ||權力接班;政治轉移;派系;菁英政治;Power transfer;Political transfer;Faction;Elite politics|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-10 23:33:26 (UTC+8)|
In a democracy, transfer of political power is normally carried out through fair elections. In China, however, there is little transparency in the transfer of power, especially in the top leadership. China’s political power comes from three organizations, ie, the communist party, the government, and the military.
In May 1977, Deng Xiaoping regained the control of the above three organizations with the assistance of the military, and started to dominate the political development in China ever since. Later on Deng was forced to change his appointed successor after Zhao Zhi-yang’s purge in the wake of June 4 pro-democracy movement. Many Chinese leading cadres and international observers were surprised when Jiang Zemin was promoted from Shanghai party secretary to Secretary General of the communist party.
We can find that “transfer of power” doesn’t necessarily mean “possession of power” in the Chinese history. Holding a position doesn’t guarantee authority and status. This is because authority is granted through long-term political or military struggle or due to economic considerations, rather than by appointment. Transfer of political power involves authority, power, and privilege, which are passed down from the predecessor to the successor. In the Chinese history, the successor may not take over the above three all at one time. It is likely that authority and privilege come first, while the most critical power is transferred little by little.
Little about the transfer of power process is make public to the outside world, which provokes curiosity of many. After twenty years of reform, China has become a political, military, and economic power. Its future political development can have a profound impact on the world’s peace and stability. An institutionalized power transfer system is essential to China’s domestic political stability as strongman is a thing of the past in China’s political arena.
|Appears in Collections:||[Graduate Institute of China Studies] Thesis|
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