The objective existence does not transfer with subjective will. According to Marxist philosophy, nothing transfers with human’s subjective will no matter on science, social studies, history, or human thoughts. Thus, by observing human civilization, “struggling for supremacy” has always been a specific expression between nations to show the “big-power diplomacy.” This is an objective historical routine. Even though the contemporary mainland China has been claiming on “never struggling for supremacy,” however, under the current circumstance of “one-super multi-powers,” China plans to achieve the long-term “multi-world“ by carrying out “big-power diplomacy”. This is obviously a conflict compared to current international conditions. Therefore, China’s “big -power diplomacy” means “struggling for supremacy.” Since the Chinese Communist Party(CCP) established its power in 1949, Chinese diplomacy has had the character of continuity, overall situation, and strategies. Although Chinese diplomacy does not change often, this does not mean it never changes. China thinks that big-power relations is the key to determine international future development according to current international strategy analysis. Interactions between powerful nations will determine the future international appliance and stability. At the same time, China also needs a peaceful international environment to develop its power.Since Deng Xiaoping’s charging of the nation, the diplomatic strategy followed by observing national interests on an objective strategy environment has completely replaced the one during Mao period when the diplomatic strategy was based on subjective consciousness. “National interests” has become the main value of Chinese diplomatic strategy. It is not only an abstract concept but is determined by its objective existence and a totality of national collective interests. The thesis investigates the Chinese “big-power diplomacy” on its political, secure, economical, and cultural interests from the “national interests” point of view.
The biggest strategic purpose of China’s “big-power diplomacy” is to deconstruct the “one-super power and multi-powers” layout led by America and to establish a “multi-powers” world. If the “multi- powers” doesn’t mean the American descending to maintain its “one-super power” position, it must have the meaning of Chinese power mounting to be another “super-power”. This has a large conflict onAmerican national benefits. Therefore, China carries out the “big-power diplomacy” by its mounting integrating power. Undoubtedly, this will result in tremendous influence for current international political “powers-balance” and thus will face severe challenges from other “big-power”.