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    題名: 現階段中國大陸反腐敗建設
    其他題名: The anti-corruption construction at present stage in Mainland China
    作者: 戴睿家;Tai, Jui-chia
    貢獻者: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    趙春山;Chao, Chun-shan
    關鍵詞: 中共;反腐敗;反腐敗建設;社會學制度主義;制度;Chinese Communist Party;Anti-Corruption;Anti-Corruption Construction;Sociological Institutionalism;Institution
    日期: 2006
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:32:22 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 對於以經濟發展成果維持體制穩定的中共立場來說,腐敗問題損害經濟發展成果,造成國家與社會的不穩定,成為破壞中國大陸穩定發展格局的因素。因此中共集中其心力進行反腐敗工作,以維持執政、繼續改革開放及發展社會主義市場經濟。但是從中共改革開放至今,腐敗現象仍在不斷地滋長,反腐敗力度不斷加大,但腐敗案件卻不斷增長。腐敗問題在中國大陸產生了嚴重的影響,中共的幹部、專家學者、人民早已是深受其害,渴望抑制這個惱人的議題。本文研究中共反腐敗建設的現況,以了解中共反腐敗建設的成效,以及這些反腐敗建設的缺失為何。

    本文從社會學制度主義的角度出發,探討中國大陸造成腐敗的文化因素、社會變遷的影響以及制度上的缺陷,將可以幫助我們理解腐敗的成因及影響。中國大陸在轉型時期,整體的制度環境和各項法律及制度的不完善,可以發現這不完善恰恰替腐敗創造了許多的機會。從中共推行的反腐敗建設,針對其缺失,以提出制度建設的對策;依照目前的缺失,提出體制改革的建議,將腐敗作一完善控制。

    本文研究結果發現,為解決日益嚴重的腐敗問題,儘管中共當局也推出了相應的政策,但是由於中共不願真心解決,只是迫於情勢的需要,才制定政策。在這種情形下,中共經常透過一些表面的、名義上的行動,試圖推出許多的新的反腐政策來解決腐敗問題。因此,中共的當務之急是繼續深化經濟改革,完成市場經濟體制,並且要建立獨立的權力制約監督機關、公職人員的約束監督,以及加強其他黨派、社會輿論和人民群眾對中共的監督等改革措施。
    The problems of bribery and corruption would damage the outcome of the economic development and cause the instable social conditions. These problems become the main reasons for why China cannot go along steadily. Since that, China put all its efforts to anti-corruption movement in order to maintain their position of authority and continue to reform and develop the market-based economy. However, since China get started to reform and open policy from now, the corruption still exist and even growing. The problem of corruption really seriously influenced China, the leader of Chinese government, researchers, scholars and also its people all suffered in it. They all eager to seek out the solution to this annoying issue. From this article, we can understand the current situation of the Anti-Corruption Construction and its influence for the society and also can find out what are its deficiencies.

    This article discussed from the view of Sociological Institutionalism, including the corruption caused by the cultural effects, social transition and the defects of the institution; from those aspects that could help us to realize how corruption was formed. During the transition period of China, there are still so many incomplete laws and insufficient systems in the whole environment of Institution, and these deficiencies just give the chances for corruption developing. From the Anti-Corruption Construction we can aim its deficiencies to propose the tactics and suggestions to improve the construction of Institution and efficiently control the corruption.

    In order to resolve the increasingly getting worst problem of corruption, the Chinese Communist Party propose some policies to reduce it, however, they are not really want to deal with it, they did it just due to the dire need. Under this circumstance, the Chinese Communist Party usually via some superficial and only nominally acts or new policies to try to resolve these problems. Therefore, the most important thing for the Chinese Communist Party need to deal with is continue to reform the economic environment deeply, establishing the system of market-based economy and also need to set up the System of Surveillance which independent from the government and enhance the concept to watch over the government for other parties, public opinions and their people.
    顯示於類別:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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