|摘要: || 一九七八年中國經濟改革以來，至九○年代已見成效，綜合國力快速成長，中國在經濟和軍事上的崛起遂成為國際關注的議題。中國致力於改革開放政策，積極發展經濟，藉低廉勞工與廣大市場吸引大量外資，促使經貿大幅成長；挹注大量國防經費，研購先進武器裝備，加速國防現代化。此一趨勢已使周邊國家備受軍事與經濟威脅。顯而易見的，國際社會對於中國的崛起有諸多的擔憂，「中國威脅論」也在這樣的情勢下於九○年代中期因應而生。|
Since the economic reform in 1978, China’s overall performance has been the center of the world, especially the dramatic economic growth. In order to continuing the growth, the PRC government has kept opening its door to the world and westernizing the regulations. Besides, due to the cheap labors and the huge domestic market, countless foreign investments never stop flowing into China. All these result in the sharp economic growth of China.
Meanwhile, as the economy keeps rising, China’s government also exceeds the military budget for more weapon purchasing, military modernization and research & development. Such trend, combining with outstanding economic performance, tense the nerves of the international society, especially the neighbor countries. Therefore, under this international circumstance, “China Threat Theory” was born in the mid 90’s.
To respond “China Threat Theory” and promote the goal, which is to control East Asia peacefully, the PRC government introduced the brand-new strategy, “the Theory of Peaceful Rise” in 2003. Under the strategy, China’s government stimulates economic development mainly through stabilizing its nearby region. After the introduction of “the Theory of Peaceful Rise”, despite that most critics think China maintains highly possibility to success, some experts hold pessimistic attitude. Their negative points of views mainly base on two issues, which are the U.S.-China relation and the Taiwan issue.
In this thesis, excepting tracing back “the Theory of Peaceful Rise”, my focus also locates on the opportunities and challenges which China may face in the future. Furthermore, from our position, in face of China’s political and economic impacts, how should Taiwan respond wisely and avoid being marginalized from the international society? I make the discussion in the later part of the thesis.