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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30292

    Title: 臺灣政權移轉移與兩岸政策的變遷 : 從李登輝到馬英九
    Other Titles: The changed cross-strait policies following the transition of political power in Taiwan : from Lee, Teng-Hui to Ma, Ying-Jeou
    台灣政權移轉移與兩岸政策的變遷 : 從李登輝到馬英九
    Authors: 洪家興;Hung, Chia-hsing
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    顏建發;Yan, Jiann-fa
    Keywords: 政權轉移;兩岸政策;兩岸關係;李登輝;陳水扁;馬英九;Cross-Strait Policies;Transition of Political Power;Lee,Teng-Hui;Chen,Shuei-Ben;Ma,Ying-Jeou
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:32:13 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 兩岸關係自從1987年12月2日,政府開放國人赴大陸探親的措施後,可謂是開啟了後來兩岸密切互動的門戶,儘管當時只是單方面台灣到大陸的動向解禁,但對於敵對並隔離四十餘年的兩岸而言,這卻是一個難能可貴的突破。接著,在隨後的二個多月後,由於李登輝繼任中華民國總統之後,台灣進入一個新的政治變動階段,更讓兩岸關係起了一連串的急遽變化,尤是李氏於1996年當選台灣首屆的民選總統之後,兩岸關係的發展與變化,更是前所未有改觀。這期間李氏對兩岸政策的改弦易轍讓兩岸關係的變動,真正進入一個大起大落的不確定局面;如果再加上2000年、2008年台灣政權二次的異黨轉移執政因素,兩岸關係可謂是處於不變與變之間的政治座標上擺盪,這如同鐘擺運動般的忽左忽右作用,到底是什麼樣的主客觀因素所造成?台灣方面經歷這一連串的政策改變,又會對兩岸關係帶來何種影響?這是本文想要探討的問題。

    Cross-strait relations turned a new page on Dec. 2, 1987 when the then Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) government allowed the Taiwanese people to visit their relatives in China. Although the lifting of the ban was unilateral, it was a breakthrough for both sides of the Taiwan Strait who had been hostile to each other since the civil war. Lee Teng-hui''s presidency ushered in Taiwan''s political transformation and dramatic change in cross-strait relations. Cross-strait ties have gone through an unprecedented change since Lee Teng-hui was elected as the country''s first president in 1996. During Lee''s presidency, he fundamentally changed the course of the cross-strait policy, bringing cross-strait relations to a state of uncertainty featuring spectacular ups and downs. The two transfers of power in 2000 and 2008 contribute to even more dramatic changes in cross-strait policies. This article intends to explore the factors contributing to the changes and what impact a series of policy changes have on cross-strait relations.

    Cross-strait policies are distinctively different under the presidencies of Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and current president Ma Ying-jeou . Lee overthrew the traditional identification with the “Republic of China.” He also divorced cross-strait relations from the framework of “one China.” He emphasized the concept of “Taiwan first” and offered an alternative to national identity. Although Lee''s successor, Chen, extended olive branches to Beijing at the beginning of his presidency, his goodwill gesture was met with disdain. Beijing''s repulsion drove Chen to tighten his cross-strait policy with some critiques describing it as “isolative.” When Ma and his KMT party returned to power in 2008, his China-friendly cross-strait policy has eased tension and sped up bilateral exchanges. Yet, his policy has raised much concern, marking a brand new era of cross-strait relations.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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