China has the world''s longest stretch of the history of civilization, the most voluminous of the population, the overwhelming majority of land area. Since reform and opening-up in 1979 brought rapid economic growth and use of its huge population and the hinterland, the unparalleled labor and consumer markets, rapidly rising national strength. The Chinese Communist Party rises the widespread effect which brings, regardless of being politics, the economy or military level, most countries around the world have become concerned about the strategic opportunities and challenges.
After Deng Xiaoping is in power, in view of Mao Zedong''s funeral has initiated the "Cultural Revolution" of the power struggle, the "four modernizations cadres" that is more revolutionary, younger, better educated and professional standards and the gradual abolition of life tenure in leadership positions, and vigorously both ability and political integrity of the selection and training of young cadres. The Chinese Communist Party has launched a succession in view of the leading cadre and political system''s reform, including age, term limits, collective leadership and other factors. It is precisely because the Chinese Communist Party promoted the implementation of leading cadres towards the institutionalization, in 1992, “ The 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China ”, Deng Xiaoping promotes age only 49 year-old Tibet Secretary Hu Jintao to take the post of Chinese Communist Party member of the standing committee of the Political Bureau, Hu Jintao enters the Chinese Communist Party management officially. As a result of Hu''s round, is by Chinese Communist Party second generation of leader Deng Xiaoping ordered by the emperor personally, the non-third generation leader Jiang Zemin''s choice, causes the Chinese Communist Party to appear separates the generation to assign successor''s method. Since Hu Jintao has been designated as the fourth generation of cross-generation successor by Deng Xiaoping, more than ten years after the storm, when the succession of power to sustain the challenge, how to show a high degree of political skills, the use of strategy to the successful completion of the political succession for the whole emphasis of the research papers.
In the Chinese Communist Party passed 20 remaining years, the transfer of political power for the process of gradually being standardized constraints, political factors on the political elite to increase the importance of the validation meeting, the establishment of mechanisms for political participation in order to strengthen the rule of legitimacy, etc., are making towards China''s political succession "institutionalized" specific performance. Since the second generation of the Chinese Communist political succession after Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin has to power in 2007, Hu Jintao, China''s political power, although not completely free from the succession of "rule of man" of color. But after the Chinese Communist Party “The 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China”, the Chinese Communist Party has gradually formed the more regular personnel system, to study the succession of China''s political point of view, before “The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China” opening in 2012, Hu Jintao due to serving the institutional factors such as age, potential political power will shift to the fifth-generation political heir, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, will follow the shift mode, the first transfer of party power, power to military power, the formation of the Chinese Communist normal shift mode,or Hu Jintao will create the Chinese Communist leadership to a new Bureau, to attach the transfer of power, political power can also become the future focus and direction of research.