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    Title: 由大陸地區人民非法入境台灣地區問題論兩岸政府防制作為
    Other Titles: The practice of cross-strait's authorities on China's illegal immigrant to Taiwan
    Authors: 李茂榮;Lee, Mao-roung
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    潘錫堂;Pan, His-tang
    Keywords: 大陸地區;台灣地區;非法入境;偷渡客(犯);人蛇集團(蛇頭)一貫作業;Mainland China;Taiwan;Illegal immigration;stow away criminal;Alien smuggling organization
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:31:44 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 戒嚴時期,大陸地區人民非法入境台灣地區為數極少,民國76年7月15日,政府宣佈解除戒嚴,同年11月2日開放大陸探親之後,大陸地區人民即不斷自「空中」或「海上」一批批的湧向台灣,非法入境,尤其俗稱「大陸偷渡犯」-搭船自海上偷渡來台者,更是前仆後繼、絡繹於途,對於國家安全、海防、國境管理,均造成前所未有的衝擊;而政府為了處理日益增多的非法入境大陸地區人民,已投入了相當可觀的人力與經費,在查緝與防制方面,也無法有效遏止大陸偷渡犯之入境。
    When Taiwan was a district under martial law, the number of illegal immigrant from China to Taiwan was quite few. On 15th July 1987, Taiwan government declared the termination of martial law, and allowed Taiwanese to visit their relatives in China on 2nd November, which caused more and more people from China continuously headed to Taiwan illegally via sea or air route. Those illegal immigrants, especially so called “smuggling criminal from China” who emigrant illicitly through sea transportation, brought unprecedented impact on our nation’s safety, coast defense, and territory management. Our government has put in considerable financial and human resources on precaution and prevention of the increasing illegitimate entrance, but failed to stem it effectively.
    According to he survey promulgated by the China Committee of the Executive Yuan, 63.2% of stow away criminals from China were arranged by local smuggling dealers, and only 13% were preplanned by their relatives in China. Therefore, the main reason why illegal stow away could come to Taiwan incessantly is that the smuggling dealers (usually gathered as a crime organization) well-planned consulted and transported unlicensed emigrants. Without the assistance from Alien Smuggling Organization, stow away through sea or air route wouldn’t be an easy task. How premeditated their operation was, for example, the process of illegal emigration was highly shrewd and unrivaled—the dealers provided their clients with “100% guarantee successful smuggling project,” which severely astounded the authorities in Taiwan. In recent years, the trend of illegal immigration from China gradually spread to other countries, such as America, Japan, Canada, etc. It has become an international problem. What’s worse, the ships committed with stow away project were mostly from Taiwan. The above mentioned situation aroused strong protest and concern from the related countries.
    It deeply disgraced our public image. In this case, the alien smuggling organization is the arch criminal which we could ascertain the cause with. The alien smuggling organization plays an important part in stow-away crimes and determined most of cases to be committed. To practically cease the illegal entrance from China, our authorities should disintegrate the alien smuggling organization. To collapse the alien smuggling organization, the cross straits authorities should abandon their prejudice, cooperate and exchanged the information about smuggling. In this way the alien smuggling organization could be exterminated.
    The author of this paper has been worked both as a police officer and coast guarder for decades, also has been in charged of the investigation of alien smuggling organization. He is deeply aware of the immense influence (brought by the illegal emigration from China) on the aspect of national safety, social security, economical development financial burden and public sanitation. Owing to the fact that Mainland China never give up the possibility of attacking Taiwan, so we should never ignore the problem of illegal immigration. Furthermore, the author would compare the similarities and dissimilarities, the advantage and disadvantage of the cross-striats governments’ policies (Mainland China and Taiwan) via political and legislation views, and mentioned how to practically prevent illegal immigrants from China through strict enforcement of entry and departure management and strengthen the coast guard.
    The research includes five chapters; the first one is introduction, which briefly mentioned the theme, motivation, goal, researching ways, range and limitation of this research.
    The second chapter analysis the cause, the style, modulate, time and trend of illegal immigration according to nowadays stow away situation. The later part is about the influence caused by illegal immigration on Taiwan from the aspect of national safety, social security, economical development financial burden and public sanitation.
    The third one compares the policies of the cross-straits governments against illegal emigration, pros and cons; meanwhile views the official enforcement of precaution and investigation about stow away in real situation.
    Fourth chapter discusses about the alien smuggling organization and the problems aroused from dealing with stow away criminals. In the former part it introduce the problems faced by both governments and the later part consults about the formation of alien smuggling organization and consider why the alien smuggling organization was formed, the influence of alien smuggling organization on Taiwan and how the cross-strait governments disciplines the alien smuggling organization. Finally concludes that only severe punishment would be the way to cease illegal immigration. In the last chapter, the author integrated his viewpoints and suggestion.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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