|摘要: || 兩岸交流演變快又深，中國大陸問題已是社會重要議題，為增進對中國大陸的了解，推動中國大陸相關課程乃時勢所趨，而大學生是未來國家棟樑，將對兩岸關係進展扮演關鍵性角色，其對中國大陸相關通識課程設置的看法值得探討。而本研究目的如下：|
Cross-strait interactions are recently evolving rapidly and deeply, making the study of “Mainland China” to become one of the most important and hottest issues for the courses of General Education in Taiwan. In order to enhance and improve the process of understanding China, in both its general knowledge and its current situation, many universities in Taiwan have already offered the curriculum of “China Studies” at university level. This is becoming a trend, not to say a fashion, on Island Taiwan. It is so obvious that university students are going to be the future leaders of this country and that they will play key roles in the development of cross-strait relations. As a result, their views on the setting up of curriculum and syllabus of “Mainland China Studies” and its related courses are worth looking into and should be soundly surveyed.
For doing so, the aims of this research paper are as below:
(1)To have a survey on the curriculum of “Mainland China Studies” and its related courses teaching in Taiwan at university level;
(2)To have a field research on the ways of how university students in Taiwan see the curriculum and syllabus of “Mainland China Studies” as courses of general education at university level;
(3)Making research conclusions and drawing suggestions, as a sort of reference,forscholars, education experts, and university executives as planning to set up“Mainland China Studies” and its related courses.
This field research of this study has been done at ten universities in most parts of Taiwan, both in northern and southern Taiwan, by picking up random samples of 1000 students to investigate their views on the setting up of Mainland China-related courses. The outcomes of the research analysis and some suggestions are as below:
(1)University students’ views on the interactions with “Mainland China”:
Most students believe that the information about Mainland China is very important for their future study and job opportunities. They confirmed that improving the understanding of Mainland China will bring improvements to cross strait relations. The research revealed that many Taiwan university students do not have a correct understanding of Mainland China, since about 84% of the university students have never been to Mainland China.
(2)Students’ views on Mainland China Studies and its related course as part of general education:
Most students confirmed the necessity to have more courses related to Mainland China Studies, as part of selective curriculum, and thought that the courses would enhance their understanding of Mainland China.
In regards to current curriculum of Mainland China Studies, most students thought that the top three important topics are: (1), Chinese Foreign Trade and its Economy, (2), Chinese Culture and Education, and (3), Policies on Cross Strait Interactions. They are also showing interests on Chinese Monetary and Financial Conditions, as well as Chinese Tourism
Most of the Taiwanese students thought that the opinions and standing points expressed by the teachers on Taiwan’s future unification or independence should be undoubtedly respected, but should not be expected too much. They also showed expectation of further interchange of teachers across the Straits.
The factors that draw them to choose those selective courses include: (1), personal interest, (2), sound and outstanding course contents, and (3), the belief that these curriculum will be helpful to them in the future. They suggested that the subjects of each curriculum and teaching methods need to be improved, and the contents of eachcourse should be enhanced and enriched.
(1)Every university in Taiwan should have at least some general courses on Mainland China.
(2)Every university here in Taiwan should initiate broader cross-strait student exchanges programs.
(3)The curriculum and syllabus of Mainland China Studies and its related courses should be diversified and enriched.
(4)Universities in Taiwan should invite suitable and qualified Mainlander Chinese teachers to set up and teach related courses, or to improve the cross-strait exchange of teachers.
(5)Teachers should be mindful of the expression of views on Taiwan’s future re-unification or independence, and carefully expressed objective analysis is preferable.
(6)There should have sincere investigation on whether students’ views can be reflected in company with their school’s position or political affiliations, for detecting if these courses have changed their political thinking. Further study and research in the future should also be launched for enhancing this research and analysis.