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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30267

    Title: 中國大陸高等教育改革之研究(1992~2004年)
    Other Titles: The study on the reform of higher education in mainland China
    Authors: 陳雅雯;Chen, Ya-wen
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    楊景堯;Yang, Ching-yao
    Keywords: 教育改革;國際化;大眾化;市場化;higher education;internationalization;massification;marketization
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:30:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1992年鄧小平南巡講話後,教育改革的步伐加快。1993年中國公佈《中國教育改革與發展綱要》,中國大陸的高等教育邁入新階段,而中國在面對世界高等教育「市場化」、「大眾化」、「國際化」三大改革趨勢下,是否已做好準備,又如何推動發展,是本研究動機。
    研究共分為五章。第一章緒論;第二章探討高等教育國際化,重心為中國國際交流與合作現象,研究問題鎖定於高等教育國際化的進程中國家間的不平等現象及國際化與本土化間的爭議;第三章探討高等教育大眾化,中國以高校「擴招」方式作為追求大眾化目標的主要策略,大眾化相關改革有高等院校合併、後勤社會化、助學貸款制度及拓寬多元辦學形式。衍生問題則是討論「公平」、「質量」、畢業生就業問題等議題;第四章探討高等教育市場化,中國以簡政分權、擴大大學自主權及利用市場力量擴大高等教育質量進行高等教育市場化改革。市場化相關改革有教育主體多元化、多渠道教育經費來源 、學費的收取與調漲、競爭提高辦學效率與效益及學校自主權和高等學校社會職能分離,研究問題重點鎖定在民辦高校問題上;第五章綜合各章陳述之各項政策與實際,中國大陸高等教育改革問題可歸納為六點結論:
    The reform of higher education in Mainland China has generated many changes and revisions ,especially after Deng Xiao Ping''s remarks on his tour of the South in 1992. The research motive of this thesis is to explore whether the higher education in Mainland China can sufficiently handle the educational reform mainstream-- internationalization、massification and marketization, and how to function them.

    Founded on the aforementioned motives, the research and analysis are firstly centering on the meaning of internationalization、massification and marketization of higher education . Secondly,treating around the current status of higher education policies and measures in mainland China since 1992. Then concluding with what Mainland China encounters when functioning these three higher educational reform trends.

    Integrate official and non-official publications, reports ,records, laws in effect, and regulations ,this study gets the conclusions:

    1.The higher education of China cannot compete against internationalization.
    2.Under massification, China higher education will continuously encounter many difficulties.
    3.Political authority still leads and guides the development of China
    higher education.
    4.Market authority has limited space to improve higher educational reforms.
    5.Deficient educational input and resources restrict higher educational reforms.
    6.China private universities and colleges has limited space to survive.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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