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    題名: 中國水資源與可持續發展 : 以三峽大壩為例
    其他題名: Water resource and sustainable development in China : a case study of Sanxia reservoir
    作者: 蔡淑惠;Tsai, Shu-hui
    貢獻者: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    李志強;Li, Chi-keung
    關鍵詞: 水資源、長江流域、水資源開發、三峽大壩;Water resource, the Yangtze Kiang basin, the development of water resource, the Three Gorges Dam
    日期: 2009
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:30:17 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 長江流域的水土資源及經濟實力在中國大陸具有舉足輕重的地位和作用,長江經濟帶已經成為世界製造業的重要基地之一。但伴隨著長江流域社會經濟的迅速發展,流域生態環境亦隨之日益嚴重,因此如何合理開發利用流域水資源,並協調資源、環境之間的關係,保護和整治生態環境,增強可持續發展能力,便是吾人所要關注的焦點。而本文目的,即在透過探討、研究,從水資源開發觀點來看,建設三峽大壩對長江流域的影響、中國開發水電是否能保護環境、中國為何需藉三峽大壩來發展水電。雖然任何一項重大建設工程總會帶給周圍環境和當地社會、經濟環境造成影響,研究發現三峽工程對生態環境有相當程度的重視,所以在三峽大壩工程決策前,就依法編製了環境影響報告書,甚至把環境保護作為一項基本國策,就水壩水電建設史上屬成功案例,當中的環境措施值得我們學習運用參考。
    The water and soil resources, as well as the economic power, of the Yangtze Kiang basin play a tremendous role in Mainland China; the Yangtze economy belt has become one of the most important bases of the manufacturing industry in the world. However, with the rapid growth in social and economic development along the Yangtze Kiang basin, comes the deteriorating ecological environment. As a result, how to properly develop and make use of the water resource in the river basin, get a balance between the resource and the environment, preserve and regulate the ecological environment, and enhance the capacity for sustainable development, are all at the center of our attention.
    The purpose of this thesis is to explore and study the following subjects from the perspective of developing water resource: the impact of the Three Gorges Dam construction on the Yangtze Kiang basin, whether China’s developing hydroelectricity can preserve the environment, and why China needs to build the Three Gorges Dam to develop hydroelectricity. The study shows that, despite the inevitable impact on the surroundings, society, and economy that any major construction would bring about, the authorities of the Three Gorges Dam engineering have put much emphasis on the ecological environment and have therefore come up with a protocol on the environmental impact before nailing the Three Gorges Dam project down, and even make environment protection a fundamental national policy. In the history of dam building for the purpose of developing hydroelectricity, this is an example of success. The measures adopted in the Three Gorges Dam construction to protect the environment are very much worth our learning.
    顯示於類別:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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