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    題名: 中共「和諧世界觀」的理論與實際-中共新世紀的周邊政策
    其他題名: Theory and practice of China's "harmonic world view" : China's policy towards its peripheries in the new century
    作者: 羅法正;Lo, Pha-jeng
    貢獻者: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    趙春山;Chao, Chun-shan
    關鍵詞: 和諧世界;周邊政策;中國威脅論;中華和文化;Strategies on Taiwan Issue;Harmonic WorldView;China's Threat;Peripheral Policy;Traditional Chinese Culture
    日期: 2007
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:28:50 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 中共深知一個國家若沒有良好的國際形象,其國際地位及信用度將遭受到極大影響,甚至還會削弱本身硬實力的成長。故要樹立良好的大國形象,就需要靠軟實力將其建構起來,以獲得國際社會廣泛認同的國際身份。中共第四代領導集體在接掌政權後,提出以「和諧世界」作為繼「和平崛起」、「和平發展」後之更高層次的對外工作指導思想,並以和平倡導者的姿態反制各國利用「中國威脅論」對其進行之各方打壓。
    而在中共政治文化裡,「理論先行」極其重要,經過對中共和平、發展、合作外交思想的脈絡考察,從毛澤東、鄧小平、江澤民到以胡錦濤為首的第四代中央領導集體,其外交思想是一脈相承,故中共新世紀的外交政策-和諧世界,具有傳統外交政策的延續性,並在理論基礎上具備合法地位。
    隨著和諧世界的問世,中共將中華傳統「和」文化作為其理論基礎,大肆向國際間宣揚「以和為貴」、「和而不同」、「和實生物」的和平思想,凸顯其善良的大國形象,並針對推動和諧世界觀的可能性及滯礙點進行理論研究與現實分析,就和諧世界的實際操作面提出建構模式,在不引起他國疑慮,不引起大規模變動下,積極倡導以聯合國作為其建構和諧世界的平台。
    由中共對和諧世界的提出、內涵闡釋、到實際建構等具系統性的規劃與操作,可看出其對新世紀外交政策理念的積極鋪陳,並已將其作為現階段中共對外政策的發展主軸。此第四代領導人提出的外交理念-和諧世界,極有可能於今年「十七大」中,被正式定調為日後中共的外交政策。
    中共將和諧世界觀積極推廣於周邊國家組織,如上海合作組織、東協10+1、10+3機制等,短期內的成果已展現出其在陸地邊界問題上的大部分解決,緩解了周邊陸地威脅;同時,在沿海部分也藉由區域組織內的強化合作與積極互動,大為降低地區衝突的可能性,為其對內建設富裕的小康社會及發展「三步走」戰略提供了穩定的基礎。而在經濟領域全面的朝向和諧共榮的一體化發展,將能帶動區域國家間政治與安全關係更為緊密的結合,加上文化交流所帶來的和諧互動,將更有利於中共對和諧東亞、和諧區域的目標推動。
    China is fully aware that a nation’s image is critical to its status and credibility in the world. The creation of a positive image depends almost entirely upon soft power. After taking over the helm in 2002, China’s fourth generation leaders put forward successively the concepts of “peaceful rising”, “peaceful development”, and “harmonic world view” to guide its foreign policy, aiming at countering “China threat” argument brought up by the West.
    In China’s political culture, theories usually take higher precedence than practices. Contrasting the foreign policy theories by Mao, Jiang, and Hu, I discovered that they all center on the notion of “peace, development and cooperation.” In other words, the “harmonic world view” by Hu shares the same origin as the theories by Hu’s predecessors.
    With the introduction of “harmonic world view,” China began to make use of its traditional culture-“HE” as the basis of foreign policy and actively promoted the peaceful thoughts in the whole world to show its intention to become a benign power. In order to ease suspicions, it proposed that the U.N. could serve as a platform from which to launch the campaign to build a harmonic world.
    It is apparent that China has managed the promotion of its new foreign policy agenda in a systematic way and it is highly likely that the “harmonic world view” will be formally declared as the guiding principle of China’s foreign policy during the 17th National People’s Congress.
    China has also applied the theory of “harmonic world view” to its engagement with regional multilateral organizations, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, ASEAN Plus One and ASEAN Plus Three. In a relatively short period of time, China solved most of its land border dispute with peripheral countries, diminishing the threats posed by neighbors. China’s maritime security has been strengthened too through cooperation and interaction with regional countries. All these provided necessary conditions for China to construct a well-off society.
    In the future, the political and security relationship between Asian countries will be closer as a result of a deeper economic integration and frequent cultural exchanges, paving the way for China to promote its view of “harmonic east Asia” and “harmonic region”.
    顯示於類別:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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