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    Title: 中共對臺統戰策略之過程與成效分析
    Other Titles: The process and effects analysis of united front strategy to Taiwan
    Authors: 郭成偉;Kuo, Cheng-wei
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    郭建中;Guo, Jiann-jong
    Keywords: 對台政策;統一戰線;政治文化;國家認同;Policy Towards Taiwan;united front;Political culture;national identity
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:28:08 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中共自1949年建政以來,始終都把實現台灣與大陸的統一,當成神聖的歷史使命,並且依據國內外形勢的發展變化,適時制定、實施和調整對台方針政策。兩岸五十多年來的隔海對峙,中共對台統一戰線政策,大致可分為「武力解放台灣」、「和平解放台灣」、「和平統一、一國兩制」三個對台政策演變時期。本研究將由一九七九年十一屆三中全會,中共提出愛國統一戰線理論時期的政治、經濟制度以及社會結構來探討中共提出次政策的背景,並針對其對內以及對外方面所組織之統一戰線來進行研究,所謂對內是指在大陸範圍內,以愛國主義和社會主義為政治基礎的,團結全體勞動者及愛國者的聯盟。而對外則是在大陸範圍外,以愛國和擁護中國統一為政治基礎的團結台灣同胞、港澳同胞和國外僑胞的聯盟。並且主要針對在1990年代之後,愛國統一戰線時期對於台灣地區所提出之統戰政策加以分析經由許多管道來影響台灣地區的作為,本研究將交流管道主要分為文教交流、媒體交流、政黨交流、經貿交流等四大管道來探討兩岸相互交流之下所產生之影響,並蒐集國內官方、民間及相關學術單位所做出的民調結果,對照各時期中共對台灣所做統戰策略,分析其對台灣地區民眾所造成的影響,而其結果將由最後由四個構面來檢驗其對台灣地區的統戰策略是否發生其效用,分別由國家認同、統獨議題、政黨傾向以及企業態度方面之看法來分析,並對其對台統戰工作之成效加以評估是否有達到其想達成之目標。
    Since the establishment in 1949, People’s Republic of China always treats consolidation of China and Taiwan as a sacred and historical mission. According to current trends toward international status, China has been keeping accommodating, implementing, and adjusting the policy to Taiwan. Confronting with each other for 50 years, China’s United Front policy to Taiwan can roughly divided into three periods, “Force Liberation of Taiwan,” “Peace Liberation of Taiwan”, and “Peace United, One Country Two Systems.” In the Third Plenary Session of the 11th of CPC (Central Committee of the Communist Party of China) 3rd meeting in 1978, China had proposed the theme of “Patriotic United Front.” Based on this time’s political, economic system and social structure, my research is to deliberate the background of sub-policy and analyze external and internal organizations of United Front. The internal organization involved the mainland China, depending on Patriotism and Socialism to ally whole labors and patriots. The external one focused on regions outside mainland China, in support of Patriotism and United China to consolidate Taiwan, HK, Macau, and overseas fellows.
    Meanwhile after 90s, the period of “Patriotic United Front,” China had proposed “United Front” policy to Taiwan, and endeavored to interfere in Taiwan affairs through many different accesses. My research divided these communication accesses into four ones --- culture communication, media communication, political party’s communication, and commercial communication to analyze the effects on interactions between China and Taiwan. Moreover, by selecting governmental and academic opinion polls and comparing to China’s strategies of United Front, my subject is to investigate whether China’s strategies of United Front have effects on Taiwan. I will specify results of investigation relying on four sections--- national identity, the issue of Unity or Independence, inclination of political parties, and enterprise attitudes to evaluate whether United Front policy has its efficiency and achieves ideal goals or not.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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