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    Title: 中國保稅區轉型自由貿易區之研究
    Other Titles: A study on the bonded zone transferring to the free trade zone in China
    Authors: 簡立;Chien, Li
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    郭建中;Guo, Jiann-jong;王泰銓;Wang, Tai-chuan
    Keywords: 自由貿易區;保稅區;自由貿易區域;Free Trade Zone;Bonded Zone;Free Trade Area
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:28:06 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中國保稅區從1990年底開始設立,至今共成立了15個保稅區。中國保稅區經過多年來的發展,其整體經濟實力不斷增強,在連結國際市場、促進國際貿易(特別是擴大對外出口)、引進國外資金與技術、促進中國經濟全球化方面,都發揮了一定的效用。

    本研究將在世界上一些主要自由貿易區的發展歷程和現狀的基礎上,結合中國現有保稅區的具體情形,探討中國保稅區轉型為自由貿易區的目標模式。此外,台灣政府目前也積極推動『境外航運中心』朝向『自由貿易港區』的轉型,因此,本文也將針對兩岸如何在WTO的架構之下,秉持著互利雙贏的精神,利用中國保稅區和台灣自由貿易港區同時所擁有的『境內關外』優勢,對雙方共同成立『兩岸自由貿易區』進行評估,迴避敏感的政治歧見,打開兩岸的僵局。

    根據以上的研究動機與目的,本文的研究目的主要有四:
    (一).透過相關文獻與理論的探討,回顧過去學術上對於自由貿易區相關的概念體系與定義,並針對國際上主要自由貿易區的現狀與發展趨勢進行深入研究,了解自由貿易區在世界經濟上所發揮的作用和對中國經濟發展的影響。
    (二).中國保稅區是承襲自由貿易區而來,並同時具有中國社會主義特色的經濟特區,本研究將從保稅區的歷史回顧中,藉由中國保稅區特殊的政策與優惠措施,就其本身的功能與不同的發展類型,探究保稅區在發展中所面臨的瓶頸,並分析問題之成因。
    (三).針對中國保稅區發展中所面臨的問題,綜合世界上其他自由貿易區的發展經驗和中國保稅區本身的優缺點,建構出中國保稅區轉型自由貿易區的目標模式與功能定位,並以上海外高橋保稅區為例,藉以說明轉型後的大型自由貿易區對於周邊地區及中國經濟的影響力。
    (四).在WTO的架構之下,透過連結台灣『自由貿易港區』和中國轉型之後的『保稅區』,評估兩岸共同籌建自由貿易區的模式與可行性。
    China launched to set up Bonded Zones in the end of 1990 and has built fifteen Bounded Zones, which have great impact on its connection with international market, introduction of foreign capital as well as technique, and improvement of international trade and economic globalization. The economic power and importance of these Bounded Zones has been growing in recent years.

    Based on the development process and present situation of some main Free Trade Zones in the world and those of the Bounded Zones in China, this paper will discuss the objectives model of transforming the Bonded Zones in China into Free Trade Zones,
    Meanwhile, Taiwan also endeavors to transform its Offshore Shipping Centers, which have the same advantage of “Inside the country, Outside of customs” as the Bounded Zones in China, into Free Trade Port Zones.
    This paper will focus on how China and Taiwan, under the frame of WTO, take advantage of “Inside the country, Outside of customs” to create mutual benefit, and will analyse how they avoid the disputes on politics, breaking the deadlock by jointly establishing the Cross-Strait Free Trade Agreement.

    According to the motives and objectives mentioned above, the aim of this paper includes:
    1.Review the academic concept systems and definitions of Free Trade Zone from relevant literature and theory. Besides, study the present situations and the trends of main Free Trade Zones in the world to find out the effects of Free Trade Zones on the world economy and on the economic development of China.
    2.The concept of Bounded Zones in China is derived from Free Trade Zones; these Bounded Zones are special economic zones characterized by the Chinese socialism. From this background, the present paper considers special policies and preferential treatments in Bounded Zones and the different development types and functions of these Bounded zones. The issues that the problems and difficulties encountered in the development of Bounded Zones and how these problems arise will also be covered.
    3.By considering the strength and weakness of the Bounded Zones in China as well as the problems encountered in development and by referring to the development experience of other main Free Trade Zones in the world, this paper will constructs an objective model of transforming the Bounded Zones in China into Free Trade Zones and will positions their functions as well. Taking “Shanghai waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone” as example, this paper will also interpret the effect of the after-transformed large Free trade Zones on the economies of China and neighborhood area.
    4.Analyse the model and possibility that China and Taiwan, by connecting the Free Trade Port Zones of Taiwan with the post-transformed Bounded Zones in China, jointly build Cross Strait Free Trade Agreement under the frame of WTO.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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