As commonly known The People''s Republic of China was established in 1949, somehow it began to complete the steps of liberating Tibet issues later until 1952, the most main reason lies in - there is no any highway to connect Tibet and China nor the railway connection. Transportation within the People’s Republic of China is known as the world’s highest volume railway network, however, only the Tibet Autonomous Region is an outsider- it’s truly a "railway blank space", actually during their duration of the previous country leaders all expect to complete such a heavy duty - which is the launching of railway inside Tibet.
For the duration of Mao Zedong, he made much effort and overcame all the difficulties to start developing the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, almost 3,000 builders sacrificed their life for this, and finally Qinghai-Tibet Railway became the only transportation shortcut between China and Tibet which maintain no closing day even during the severe winter. Somehow during the life of Mao Zedong, he has no chance to witness this great constructional railway to enter into Tibet. Following the duration of Deng Xiaoping, they have barely completed the section of Qinghai Province Railway until 1979 (An initial phase of Qinghai-Tibet Railway) although they endeavored their national strength; the perennial tundra issues still remain unsolved. However, Deng Xiaoping hardly demands the policy of reform and open, these surely enable a large increase in China’s economics, and furthermore these open up the chance to fulfill the country plan of "China Western Development" by Jiang Zemin.
China, a world power with a large increase in financial and nation strength these years, finally the developing steps of Qinghai-Tibet Railway could therefore go heading to Tibet, after 21 years later of the completion of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway -Qinghai section.
In 2006, during the duration of Hu Jintao, the second phase of Qinghai-Tibet Railway officially enter into Tibet’s capital Lhasa, multidirectional trains which come from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Chengdu end the very long history of non- railway Tibet, and also this initiate the global media report and discussion, accordingly.
Tibet and China are very different because the natural geography isolation and the historical local customs difference, plus the factors of power intervention from England / Russia during the imperialism time, and also the damage of Tibetan’s customs from the Communist Party of China, all of these forced Tibetan to breed the separatism, their spiritual leader Dalai Lama fled to exile in India and established the
Central Tibetan Administration. The entry of Qinghai-Tibet Railway enable Beijing government easier to central control of Tibet, this provoked much remonstrant discussions from global Tibetan and those associations which close to Tibetan.
In the past, Tibet normally relied on the central high quota funds subsidy from Beijing to maintain their economy, however, after the completion of Qinghai-Tibet Railway the economic efficiency revealed immediately; massive multidirectional tourists come into Tibet, the annual received passengers quantity even to be higher than the entire area total population. Basically the transportation benefit, the frontier trade, as well as the railway’s extension branch in the near future, even the regional cross-country’s transnational vision, this railway line which already breaks many world’s record, would be definitely an influential power gradually in the future.