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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30193

    Title: 中國大陸農業政策變遷之研究(1978-2004)
    Other Titles: The study of the changing on agricultural policy in mainland China
    Authors: 沈岱樺;Shen, Dai-hua
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    陳德昇;Chen, De-sheng
    Keywords: 決策;農業政策;一號文件;三農問題;the decision of making;agricultural policy;No.1 document;three dimensional rural issues
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:26:46 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 八○年代初中共推動農業改革,並自1982年起連續五年皆以農業為主題發出五個「一號文件」,不僅是中共改革政策與意識形態的突破,且由於改革績效彰顯進而啟動中共全面經濟改革。時至2004年,中共再度以農業作為年度「一號文件」,反映了「三農」(農業、農民、農村)問題在歷經近二十年的改革開放後再成為中共經濟、政治與社會的焦點議題,其所反映的決策與政經意涵值得賦予更大的關注。
    Since 80’s, PRC had paid a lot of attention on agricultural revolutions that it had made agriculture the main item of its policies for five years since 1982. The efforts are not only the breakthrough of PRC’s ideology and policies, but also the turning points that urge PRC to reform its economy on all aspects. In 2004, we could still find out that PRC again make agriculture its priority for its policy. That also means that after about twenty years’ efforts to revolute, the problems of ‘agriculture, peasants, and the rural area’ are again becoming the theme focus of china’s economy, politic, and society. The following concerns of policies deserve our attention.
    This thesis mainly discusses about the major factors that cause the changes of PRC’s agricultural policies. Especially, the 80s’ five documents all make agriculture its priorities, which show that the peasantries’ conscious of decision making on their own and the principle of free market push china to make the changes and compromises. The policies that form from bottom up send the important political message toward PRC’s autocratic regime. Besides, the document which focuses on agricultural policies in 2004 means again that the problems of agriculture, peasants, and rural areas arouse the authority’s attention. So it has to make a single document to implement the policies.
    Basically, the No 1. document in 2004 does solve some problems of the“three dimensional rural issues”. However, it would only last temporarily, it cannot completely solve the problems. The reasons are the resources deficiency, large population, lands deficiency, low education, and limitation of market evolution. All above make PRC’s peasants unavoidable to be marginalized. That is to say, looking forward to the next No 1. document to solve the“three dimensional rural issues”problems completely in a short time is not realistic.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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