Since 80’s, PRC had paid a lot of attention on agricultural revolutions that it had made agriculture the main item of its policies for five years since 1982. The efforts are not only the breakthrough of PRC’s ideology and policies, but also the turning points that urge PRC to reform its economy on all aspects. In 2004, we could still find out that PRC again make agriculture its priority for its policy. That also means that after about twenty years’ efforts to revolute, the problems of ‘agriculture, peasants, and the rural area’ are again becoming the theme focus of china’s economy, politic, and society. The following concerns of policies deserve our attention.
This thesis mainly discusses about the major factors that cause the changes of PRC’s agricultural policies. Especially, the 80s’ five documents all make agriculture its priorities, which show that the peasantries’ conscious of decision making on their own and the principle of free market push china to make the changes and compromises. The policies that form from bottom up send the important political message toward PRC’s autocratic regime. Besides, the document which focuses on agricultural policies in 2004 means again that the problems of agriculture, peasants, and rural areas arouse the authority’s attention. So it has to make a single document to implement the policies.
Basically, the No 1. document in 2004 does solve some problems of the“three dimensional rural issues”. However, it would only last temporarily, it cannot completely solve the problems. The reasons are the resources deficiency, large population, lands deficiency, low education, and limitation of market evolution. All above make PRC’s peasants unavoidable to be marginalized. That is to say, looking forward to the next No 1. document to solve the“three dimensional rural issues”problems completely in a short time is not realistic.