|題名: ||澳門博彩業之研究 : 發展歷程、政府監管及影響效果|
|其他題名: ||A study on gambling industry in macao : focus on the process of development, the government regulation and effect of impact.|
|作者: ||陳媛玟;Chen, Yuan-wen|
李志強;Li, Chi-keung;王健全;Wang, Chien-chuan
|關鍵詞: ||澳門;博彩;賭博;博彩業;政府監管;Macao;betting;Gambling;gambling industry;government regulation|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:25:46 (UTC+8)|
As “gambling should be decriminalized and become lawful” has become a worldwide trend, Macao, a tiny territory with merely 550,000 population and 29.2 square kilometers, has virtually astonished the entire world by its astounding economic growth. That should be attributed to the 470-year-old gambling industry. In Macao, gambling industry started when such harbor was first open to the world in the 16th century. In the subsequent five centuries, the betting industry has undergone eventful vicissitudes and has played virtually a pivotal role in Macao’s economy, politics, societies and culture. This widespread saying “To know Macao, one should first of all know Macao’s gambling industry” explains it very well.
The present thesis is primarily intended to look into Macao’s gambling industry through three major issues: I. The origin, backgrounds of the times behind Macao’s gambling industry, with details about the development process, major vents and celebrities, with efforts to generalize and analyze the significance behind. II. A probe into government regulation beyond Macao’s gambling industry, preliminary on the surveillant organization and legal systems, with a comparison with surveillance policies, authorities in other countries to find out the similarities and differences, to look into the inadequacy and orientations for improvement of the existent gambling industry. III. A probe into the impact of the gambling industry upon the society in Macao through three aspects, economy, society and environments.
In terms of development process, the history of Macao’s gambling industry is virtually an epitome of the contemporary history of Macao. The development underwent four major transfers of the betting powers. Among them, the fourth transfer took place in 2002 where the Macao Special Administrative Region smashed the betting monopolization and liberalized the betting privilege to foreign investors. That transfer virtually changed the structure of Macao’s gambling industry on the one hand and significantly upgraded the management level and competitive edge of the gambling industry in the international community. In turn, that transfer incurred the economic growth by leaps and bounds in Macao.
Next, as to the government regulation behind the gambling industry, Macao’s control organ is under “separate policymaking process/implementation system”. To intensify the independence and authoritativeness to deal with problems which came out midst the rapid growth of the gambling industry, it is proposed hat the independent Administrative Commission like those established in various states in the United States should be established. In the laws for surveillance over the gambling industry, amidst the inadequacy and lagging behind the laws amidst the rapid growth of gambling industry, it is proposed that Macao should aim at the hands-on demand and situations by borrowing systems from other countries, to accelerate enactment of the laws for surveillance over the gambling industry, with efforts to boost the surveillance power to assure thorough implementation.
Finally, as to the impact of gambling industry upon the society in Macao, in the aspect of economy alone, gambling industry has played the pivot of Macao economy, boosting the economic takeoff in Macao, casting tremendous transcript. The Macao authorities are, nevertheless, seriously advised to watch the negative problems incurred by the “boom by a sole industry”. In the aspect of the society, amidst the imbalance in human resources distribution and social resource distribution, other industries have been withering and the gap between the wealthy and the poor has been widening. The worsening problems of the unsound mentality of gamblers deserve serious watchfulness. In the environmental aspect, the gambling industry has grown by leaps and bounds within just a few years and has brought up new challenge against the environmental protection. The problems of the inadequate infrastructures and worsening betting communities have been surfacing one after another. The Special Administrative Region government of Macao is, therefore, seriously advised to look into the orientation of development in urban environment and the overall planning.