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    Title: 中國與東協經貿關係之研究
    Other Titles: The study of the economy and trade related to China and ASEAN
    Authors: 夏紹俊;Hsia, Shao-chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    趙春山;Chao, Chun-shan
    Keywords: 中國、東協、戰略夥伴關係、自由貿易區;China, ASEAN, Strategy Partner Relationship, Free Trade Agreement
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:25:39 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 冷戰結束後,美蘇兩極軍事對抗體系瓦解,國際政治及經濟秩序皆發生顯著的變化,取而代之的是日趨多極的國際格局,以及藉協商、合作以解決國際及區域間爭端的趨勢。國際結盟與合作也不再以意識型態為判斷標準,轉而重視地域性與功能性,世界經濟並以地區為中心的聚合發展,越來越趨向三大經濟區,即歐洲、北美與東亞。
    90年代的東協開始試圖主導區域事務,採取國家聯合的區域主義策略,透過集體行動與力量,躋身新興強權之林,無疑地,東協也已成為一股不容忽視的力量,將帶給世界經濟體系極大的影響。
    中國自1978年中國共產黨11屆三中全會後,開始步向經濟改革開放。而今其總生產值已逾1兆美元,對外貿易額更達4,000多億美元,為全球第六大貿易國,在東亞地區有取日本而代之的意味,其綜合國力的顯著提升,也造成東亞地區甚至全球政經版圖的變動,成為區域經濟成長的「火車頭」及世界經濟發展的重心。
    中國選擇與東協合作,除有助其達成亞太區域大國的目標,更可藉其身為經濟大國在東協自由貿易體系中,扮演關鍵的角色。中國如此積極地展現與東協合作的態度,擴張其對東南亞的政治及經濟影響力,除了順應全球化及區域主義的潮流外,其內部多邊主義及新安全觀思維的提出也是主因。其目的不外乎在於消除中國威脅論、營造有利的國際環境,以利其現代化建設、維持地區戰略平衡及防止南海爭端國際化,並達成區域經濟整合之目標。而其真正意涵則是與美國、日本等大國爭取治理亞太地區的主導權,並順利解決台灣問題,然而,中國與東協雙方發展經貿關係究竟如何形成?其各自的盤算又是什麼?雙方經貿發展對亞洲區域及雙方甚至台灣將會造成何種影響?均為本文探討之重點。
    After the cold war, two opposing military systems, the U. S. and the Soviet Union, break up with notable changes in international politics and economic order. The international situation becomes more dynamic and it is a trend for nations to solve international or regional disputes through negotiation and cooperation. Ideology is no longer the standard for nations to ally and cooperate with each other. Instead, they turn to put high values on regions and functions. Gradually, the world economy tends to develop with the three centered regions, that is, Europe, North America, and East Asia.
    In the 90s, ASEAN attempts to dominate regional affairs and adopts the strategy allied by nations. Through its close union and force, ASEAN has formed a power which cannot be ignored. It is going to have tremendous impact on other economic systems of world.
    Since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in 1978, China begins to open in its economy. Now, with over thousand billion US dollars of GDP and four hundred billion US dollars of external trade volume, it has become the world’s sixth largest trading nation, seeming to replace Japan in East Asia region. It changes politics and economy not only in that region, but also in the world. It leads the growth in regional economy and becomes the center for world economic development.
    China’s cooperation with ASEAN not only helps China reach its goal as a large nation in Asia-Pacific region, but also allows it to play a vital role in ASEAN free trade system. China shows positive and aggressive attitude toward ASEAN and expands its power to Southeast Asia. One of the main reasons for its action is, in addition to following trends like globalization and regionalism, concerned with its multilateralism and new security concept. It desires to eliminate “China Threat Theory,” builds up the favorably international environment, then benefits its modernized construction, maintains regional strategy balance, avoids the dispute caused by South China Sea to become more complicated, and finally reaches the goal of integrating regional economy. However, the true purpose of its action is to compete with the U.S., Japan or other large nations to obtain the power to dominate the Asia-Pacific area and to solve Taiwan issue successfully. How is the relationship of economy and trading development between China and ASEAN formed? What are their purposes? What kind of influence would be caused toward both sides, the Asia region, and even Taiwan? These will be discussed detailedly in the study.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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