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    Title: 中共對臺政策之研究(2002~2006)
    Other Titles: China's policy towards Taiwan (2002~2006)
    Authors: 王全毅;Wang, Chiuan-yi
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    潘錫堂;Pan, His-tang
    Keywords: 「和平統一,一國兩制」;「江八點」;「胡四點」;「反分裂國家法」;Peaceful Unification and One Country, Two Systems;Jian's Eight Points;Hu's Four Points;Anti-Sessession Law
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:25:29 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文主要係研究中共第四代領導胡錦濤的對台政策思維。中共對台政策都有其一貫性與連續性,毛澤東時期係於1949年至1976年期間,該階段的對台政策主要是以武力解決台灣問題;而自1978年鄧小平主政以後,中共才改以「和平統一,一國兩制」的策略為主,惟仍不放棄使用武力解決台灣問題;江澤民主政時期除了加強「和平統一,一國兩制」的策略外,另外亦提出「江八點」作為對台策略的依據。
    胡錦濤上台初期仍是遵循江澤民時期的對台政策路線,其後隨著其權力的逐漸鞏固與面對台灣內部日漸高漲的台獨意識,如「一邊一國論」、「公投」、「制憲」與「正名」等的提出,促使中共新一代領導人在對台政策上作了一些策略上的調整,除了提出對台工作的四個「決不」,包括堅持一個中國原則決不妥協、爭取和平統一的努力決不放棄、貫徹寄希望於台灣人民的方針決不改變、及反對台獨活動決不妥協,並藉由通過「反分裂國家法」來貫徹胡錦濤的四點意志,和抑制台獨勢力的發展。
    中共第四代領導人對台政策思維的特色,除了建立「依法涉台」的原則外,另外亦非常強調要爭取台灣人民的支持,尤其在「反分裂國家法」通過後,更是積極與台灣的在野黨進行交流,並主動提出更多的優惠給台灣人民,主要的目的就是想拉攏台灣在野勢力及台灣人民,進而造成民進黨政府的壓力,並迫使其在政治上屈服。
    中共在「反分裂國家法」通過後,已對台獨發展勢力劃出所謂的「三道紅線」,因此目前中共對台政策的基本態度是「以靜制動」,不想再節外生枝,好讓其可以傾全力處理內部與外交問題。綜此觀之,「反分裂國家法」及「胡四點」已成為中共第四代領導人對台政策的基本方針。
    This thesis is based on the research of the thoughts on China’s policy towards Taiwan by the leader of its 4th generation, Hu Jintao. China’s policy has been consistent and continuous. Mao’s period is from 1949 to1976, which China’s policy towards Taiwan was focused on force to solve Taiwan issue. Since Deng Xiaoping came to the power in 1978, China had changed the strategies into “Peaceful Unification and One China, Two Systems” policy. However, China still never give up using force to solve Taiwan issue. In addition to strengthen “Peaceful Unification and One China, Two Systems” policy, China’s strategies toward Taiwan was based on “Eight Points” during Jiang’s period.

    During the initial stage of Hu’s period, he still followed Jiang’s policy toward Taiwan. Afterwards, what made China’s new leader adjust strategies toward Taiwan was that he consolidated his regime increasingly and faced the internal independence of Taiwan getting rampant, for example, it proposed “One Side One Country,” “Referendum,” “Founding a new Constitution,” and “Amending the official name of Taiwan.” Hu Pronounced four “Nos” toward Taiwan, including “not to change One China Policy,” “not to give up the pursuit of peaceful unification,” “not to change the expectation relying on Taiwan people,” and “not to compromise on activities in support Taiwan’s independence.” In addition, China carried through Hu’s four opinions and restrained the independence of Taiwan by Passing “Anti-Sessession Law.”

    The characteristics of the thoughts on China’s policy towards Taiwan by its leader of 4th generation are establishing the principle of “Negotiating Taiwan Issue by Law.” In addition, he stressed on striving for the supports of Taiwan people, in particular, the “Anti-Sessession Law” was passed, he interacted with Taiwan’s opposition parties more actively, and address much more preference to Taiwan people. The purposes of these strategies are drawing Taiwan’s opposition parties and Taiwan people to China’s side, furthermore, it wanted to press the DPC yielding to politics.

    China has drawn so called “Three Red Lines” toward Taiwan independence, since it passed “Anti-Sessession Law.” Therefore the primary attitude on China’s policy towards Taiwan at present is “Controlling Acting by Still.” Because China doesn’t want to get too much stuff, so that it could endeavoure to deal with internal and foreign affairs. In conclusion, “Anti-Sessession Law” and “Hu’s Four Points” have turned into the guiding principle of China’s policy towards Taiwan by its leader of 4th generation.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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