The post-Cold War security environment surrounding the Chinese Communists have taken place in very complex changes. First of all, the original after the disintegration of the bipolar system, surrounding a variety of forces appear, contradictions and conflicts have deepened. Secondly, the surrounding countries in the pattern of ever-changing force, it will directly affect the forces surrounding the strategic balance and China’s security. Third, in a secure peace and economic development in the international environment, competing for domestic political, economic and military reform. Finally, the establishment of new international political and economic order is the common aspiration of surrounding countries, because the countries involved in international status, interests and power structure of the reorganization.
The Communist China’s “perimeter security” in time with long-term nature of the layout, this paper first of all, “the geopolitical research approach”, analysis of China and Central Asia among countries affected by the geopolitical changes in the development, as well as in the United States and Russia after the Cold War in strategy for the impact of the Chinese Communists; Further to “the historical research approach” analysis of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization of the origins, evolution and development of operation of the Central Asian regional security and the security situation surrounding the impact of the Chinese Communists; Finally in order to “the national interest research approach” analysis of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization on the Chinese Communist security surrounding the actual impact and operational level as a mechanism to establish how the Chinese Communists in the national interest in the circumstances, make full use of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in Central Asia with the Chinese Communists to the safety of surrounding policy.
Experiences from this study pointed out that, First, the international recognition of the “Shanghai Cooperation Organization” consider weak and lax, and even predicted that the “Shanghai Cooperation Organization” will appear hollow trend. However, facts have proven that since the “911 incident” the “Shanghai Cooperation Organization” does not move toward disintegration, and Member States to support and further development of the mechanism of the Member States consider necessary, and in the maintenance of security in the region are need to exist. Second, the “Shanghai Cooperation Organization” are the Chinese communists in the post-Cold War international environment, in accordance with the international security situation and the region surrounding environment, take geography as condition in Eurasia center region establishment security cooperation mechanism. Speaking of the Chinese Communists, Central Asia region is the Chinese Communists safeguards west the peripheral security, the promotion economy development, a maintenance politics stable important strategic point, also is exterior influence attempts to carry on the seepage the possible channel. Third, the “Shanghai Cooperation Organization” is from solves the Chinese Communists boundary problem to start to form, the protection of border security are its main purposes. The Shanghai Cooperative organization’s smooth development and the effective display function to maintain the Chinese communists peripheral environment the stability, expands the Chinese Communists and the peripheral national politics, the economy and the safe relation has the significant practical significance. Fourth, the Central Asian region as a result of the complex security situation, the United States and NATO and Russia is unable alone to guarantee the Central Asia security, the current “Shanghai Cooperation Organization” in the maintenance of the Central Asian regional security and stability, as well as the Chinese Communists have gained a stable surrounding security environment, will still be able to play a unique role. The Communist Communists hopes to expand into the Shanghai Cooperation Organization to the economic cooperation organization, in the economic and energy fields exert a greater impact.