|摘要: ||1978 年中共十一屆三中全會決議，將黨和國家的工作重點從「以階級鬥爭為綱」轉移|
In its Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee held in 1978, Chinese Communist Party made a resolution, which transferred the party and national original focus
from“highlighting class struggle”to“concentrating on economic construction.”This unprecedented decision initiated a reformative and open epoch of Mainland China. In order to correspond with the Party''s general strategic goal, the national overseas Chinese affairs policies were re-adjusted, anticipating the overseas Chinese and ethnic Chinese to be actively functional in advancing national modern construction, realizing Chinese reunification, and developing international friendship with the other nations.
Since China''s reformation and opening up, all of its leaders in the national pedigree had highly emphasized overseas Chinese affairs and regarded them as its long-term strategic project. Deng Xiaoping recognized the existence of overseas Chinese and ethnic Chinese as a particular chance for China''s further development, offering overseas affairs guidelines such as“Theory of Particular Chance”and Theory of Unification as Revival.”He also presumed that“overseas relationship”could open the positive contacts with the others, re-identified the relationship as a“Good Thing,”and thus carried out China''s task for overseas Chinese affairs. Under the sovereignty of Jiang Zemin, the overseas Chinese and ethnic Chinese were deemed the“particular vantage”and“precious resource”in the aspect of China''s modern construction. The tactic of “expansion”was then rendered to deepen the national opening up. Since his reign, Hu Jintao had addressed three Promising Actions, aiming to realize the Party’s (also national) three main missions. With the country''s growing economic influence, plus the elevation of its national power and international status,“The Theory of China as a Threat”was widely reported and considered. The nation, nevertheless, first offered the idealist viewpoint of constructing a “harmonious world” and then “harmonious diplomacy”and “harmonious overseas Chinese group,”which aimed to maintain a peaceful and profitable international environment and eventually became helpful for national economic growth.
This study first investigates the factors of the formation of China’s overseas Chinese affairs policies after its reformation and opening up, and then analyzes the specific practices of the policies during the period. In addition, the influences generated by the implementation of these policies in the aspects of economics, politics, diplomacy, and culture and education are analyzed. Eventually, through summarily analyzing the content of this study, the features of China''s overseas affairs policies since its reformation and opening up are induced, and the future direction of China is inferred and analyzed.
This thesis gives out a conclusion that China''s reformation and opening up make its overseas Chinese affairs policies more flexible and elastic, and they also focus on the combination of economic purposes and pluralistic, manifold strategies. The new practices have engendered quite a few influences in economics, politics, diplomacy, and culture and education, which will guide the future development of China’s overseas Chinese affairs policies.