After the Cold War, significant factors of military forces, which play decisive roles in international relationship, declined along with the cease of hostility between the U.S. and the Soviet Union while activities in politics, economics and diplomacy have been constantly enforced. Rapid globalization pushes international society to encounter more complicated challenges in security scenario, and thus alters viewpoints about security of each country. In such tremendous surrounding, in order to mold new security outlook centered on “mutual trust, reciprocity, equality and coordination,” China has confirmed its strategy of “approaching security with cooperation.” It actively participates in international security collaborations with multilateral security mechanism, and has formed cooperation structures with different levels, fields and varieties.
This paper uses China’s new security outlook as a research approach. The author starts with explaining China’s estimation toward the international surroundings to help preliminarily understand its threat from the outside world. Then the author further digs into China’s goals and methods used in expanding multinational security cooperation so as to reach its strategic aims.
As the research shows that China has extended its influence in many aspects, not only including horizontal items such as politics, economics, military and diplomacy, but also vertical levels like regional or global development. The main goal is to guarantee sovereignty and completeness of territory, maintain peaceful and secure environment, strengthen its external influence and mold positive impression of big power. Therefore, it is reaching these goals step by step by taking part in international affairs, developing cooperation relationship with major powers, roping in the Third World countries, expanding cooperation in non-traditional issues and deepening external military communication.
In addition, the paper also finds out that there are three factors explaining China’s ineffectiveness and predicament in broadening collaboration in security subjects after over-a-decade efforts. The first one is though China stresses on cooperation in non-traditional aspects, yet none of military coalition with other countries was built, and this would lead to its inadequacy to accommodate new strategic changes in neighboring areas or global environment. The second is that it is not possible for China to peacefully solve problems such as Taiwan independence and sovereignty in Spratly Islands without aids or support from international society, because those issues relate to national benefits. The third reason goes to neighboring countries’ potential pressure about “China threat” when seeing China’s strengthened armed forces and increased budget in military preparedness.