Since China saw itself open to the world 28 years ago, the country spent the first 10 years following DENG Xiaoping’s line, in which pragmatism played the key role in the new direction by highlighting the motto of Being matter-of-fact is the only standard to measure truth. The new waves did surprise the world. The new line, however, has its down side too. As the country sees more and more fraudulent practices, the overwhelming corruption after 1990 is becoming systematic.
The well-connected LAI Xingchang, now convicted in the Yuanhua Case: While taking advantage of the so-called human-relations engineering (entertaining senior officers with women plug money, paying high interest for loans) for access to both central and local authorities and key persons; LAI played his double-spy role in a skillful manner to have YEH Bingnan, former chief of Taiwan’s Intelligence Bureau Hong Kong Station, among others, trapped to win his credit before China’s national defense authorities. Further, working on his legal identity, LAI was involved in illegal operations when he had China’s Communist Party, administrative, financial, judiciary, industrial and commercial, fiscal and land agencies involved in smuggling worth more than RMB$78,000,000,000. In the fourth place, LAI successfully kept his wrongdoings secret thanks to his connections in China’s national security systems with money and once he was informed of unfavorable actions, LAI found himself on way to Canada. This story that could only be available in movies is beyond everyone’s imagination.
This dissertation intends to, based on the story given above, discuss whether the anti-corruption effort waged by China is working and if it would meet its objective of punishing the malignant and eradicate corruption to an acceptable level. As China’s top management is determined to eradicate and fight corruption agreed on preventive, campaign, punitive as well as incentive among other technical measures, its local authorities with right to try, worshiping image engineering plus the lack of independent justice and the media’s failure to monitor everything, the anti-corruption effort would not be productive by opening new anti-corruption offices.
While it is a major step forward that Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Chonqing, the 4 special cities in China, have their Disciplinary Committee chiefs designated directly by the central government, the overwhelming authoritarianism and the lack of effective monitoring systems would prevent China’s effort from becoming productive. That is to say, fighting corruption is not about being loyal to individual leadership, it is about being loyal to the country and to the job, or no efforts would last long.