The Central Asia region initiates the great nation to compete, because mainly may not substitute the strategic status and the rich natural resources and so on, in addition the various countries'' independent initial period, the country unstable, the national strength is dispirited, for guarantees the national development, is separated from Russia''s control dictatorship, adopts “the authority keeps in balance” the policy, the open great nation enters, Hebei because of the great nation authority balance under, develops the economic potentiality, the promotion national strength growth. In which most has strategic interest greatly state-owned China, Russia, US, Europe, India, Japan to the central Asia, as well as local great nations and so on Turkey, Iran. Asked in these great nations that, the Chinese and Russian America is most prominent, they are biggest in the Central Asia region influence, the strategic existence is deepest, these three countries constituted the central Asia great nation relations bare bone.
From US global strategy angle view it, the military force which the whole world deployed is protects the American whole world economic interest the essential method. After the cold war had ended US''s influence starts to enter the Central Asia region, mainly develops the economics and trade activity, and disseminates the democracy and the human rights value idea, US supports the central Asian nation to maintain the stable development, is based on impels these countries to advance to the democracy and the open market economy, prevented the nuclear weapon and nuclear raw material proliferation, the central Asia region stable promotes US''s commercial interest and the security interests relatively, simultaneously also expanded oneself in this local influence.
Rapidly rises in addition Chinese Communist Party, regardless of looked from the geography strategy perhaps the economic security strategy, the Central Asia region stable is regarded as by the Chinese Communist Party the influence national interest the important link. It with central Asian nation relations, regardless of is the humanities, the economy, the geography and the history, even looked from the geography strategy path, all is inseparable. The new safety” forms especially after the Chinese Communist Party, the positive impetus “the Shanghai five countries” to “Shanghai Cooperative organization” and so on the mechanism constructions, from the boundary dispute, the disarmament and so on the security problem, expand to the local economics and trade cooperation subject, all west demonstrated the Chinese Communist Party takes the frontier security day by day. US in the Central Asia region seepage and the expansion influence, the region might which rises to Chinese Communist Party this says, if “feels uneasy”; Looked from a more serious angle that, US in the central Asia military existence also may say is US “surrounds China” since long ago a policy concrete application performance.
US and Chinese Communist Party in Central Asia region in order to respective national interest must have the conflict factor, also can have certain degree influence to the local authority balance. The America and China national interest competes gathers the effect which produces in the Central Asia region, stable will create the suitable degree to the region the influence. Future will enlarge the central Asia influence and the Chinese Communist Party will expand “Shanghai Cooperative organization” the operation mechanism along with the American affiliation war on terror, America and China in the Central Asia region competes gathers the relations to be able to ferment continually.