|其他題名: ||Research on party-government relation of higher education in China|
|作者: ||黃姮娥;Huang, Heng-e|
|關鍵詞: ||中國大陸高校;高等教育;黨政關係;校長負責制;中國大陸高校領導管理體制;Party-Government;Higher education;China|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:24:47 (UTC+8)|
The political regime and structure in China operates very differently from the way an average democratic country does in its strongly ideology-oriented tendency and strategies alike, and its political party have particularly great influence. Established in 1921, the Communist Party has built up a nation-wide regime and gained control of the whole continent in 1949 after long-term battles and revolutions. During the process of the chronic conflicts, the political party had to cooperate closely with the government for survival, and a centralized action system has therefore come into existence. However, when it became necessary for the party to be transformed into the actual political power operation, the problems of overlapping organizations and conflict of power are certain to arise. The contradiction between the Communist Party and Government in China results from its political regime, as well as the administrative power dual-centered system that stems from the strongly-leading political system. In other words, the system is in fact one whose administrative power is exercised and shared by the apparatus led by the Communist Party and the administrative leading apparatus, and thus has given birth to a political phenomenon that is exclusive to Communist countries. We can see a remarkable characteristic in the evolvement of its leading system. Take the role the President of Mainland Colleges plays for instance, when the country concentrates its power on economic construction, the function of the President would be very much emphasized; when Class Struggle is stressed, however, the President would become of subordinate importance. This explains how closely related the reformation of the inner leading system in schools and the transformation of the political situation of the nation are. Take the normal colleges whose number out in China for example, there are approximately 55% of them are administered by the Central government or the government at the provincial level rather than by Education departments. The nation’s financial allocation on its higher education, e.g. the operating expenses and Capital Construction Expenditure of Higher Education, are controlled by the Financial and Planning Departments of the Central and Local government respectively, and the Education Department only has the eminent domain for the budget of those directly subordinate schools. This divided school-running system has obviously brought forth various abuses in society nowadays. This thesis will first explain the theoretical basis on which the Communist Party was established and the history of the party-government relation in China. Further efforts will be made to discuss in depth by the development and reformation of the party-government relation of higher education in China and the system substance of its party-government relation and its operation with an attempt to grasp the direction for future development.