Before opening reform of People Republic of China, the course of culture policy was revolution oriented, acquiring the power in the way of successive conflicts. Until opening reform, People Republic of China heads to market economy of socialism, introducing from Western developing model of market economy, and combine with Western culture thinking. Observing the dispute process of ideology concerning the leaders of People Republic of China: Mao, Zedong, he utilizes the conflict and unity of dialectical method to establish self-belonged ideology domination, and to construct the founding principle of culture policy for People Republic of China.
Deng, Xiaoping reassured the course of opening reform that “ One central task, two basic points.” Jiang, Zemin established “Thought of Three Represents” to interpret a whole new cultural hegemony of People Republic of China; Hu, Jintao engaged in the prospection of science developing to construct harmony culture of socialism. As we know that who dominates the voice of ideology is meant that who makes and interprets the power of culture; it is also referred that ideology plays an important role as main variable, yet culture policy is just as dependent variable. Once who puts down culture power in the form of hegemony to all classes in society, the founding and influence of “culture policy” will become the media between nation and society as governance of People Republic of China.
Hence, this thesis will discuss the ideological approach of leaders of People Republic of China based on the related documentation issued by People Republic of China. We try to analyze the communism documentation for its culture policy and how it impacts as the critical role to People Republic of China; meanwhile, culture policy according to the subject of society developing remains coming after the course of ideology to maintain the stability of governance of People Republic of China.