On October 8, 2006, newly inaugurated Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, in the company of his wife, arrived in Beijing for a meeting with Mr. Hu Jintao, National Chairman of the People’s Republic of China. That was the first visit of Japanese prime minister to China after 5 years of the last high profiled visit by former Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi in 2001. After an 80-minute discussion between Abe and Hu, “Sino-Japanese Strategic and Mutually Beneficial Relations” was first put into words on a press communiqué jointly issued by Abe and Hu after their meeting. That meeting indicates the onset of Sino-Japanese reconciliation in recent years. Such a situation could hardly be imagined by the world until the inauguration of Abe. Even after the ice-breaking meeting, the outside world was still not optimistic about the relationship between China and Japan. As a matter of fact, long before the Abe-Hu meeting, an undercurrent of Sino-Japanese reconciliation had appeared with a strong momentum pushing for peace between the two countries. Not only has been the content of “Sino-Japanese Strategic and Mutually Beneficial Relations” constantly have been enriched, Hu’s visit to Japan in May, 2008 brought more concrete cooperation projects in the fields of environmental protection and energy conservation. Additionally, the fact that a Japanese military vessel repaid a visit to China and the “Sino-Japanese Cooperative Exploitation Plan on East China Sea Oil and Gas Fields” has reached an initial agreement, which promises a bright future for Sino-Japanese reconciliation and reveals the depth and significance of Abe’s visit to China. Therefore, to grasp the future development of China’s foreign policies, Japanese foreign policies, and Sino-Japanese diplomatic relations, it is very important to have a deep understanding of the process of Sino-Japanese reconciliation during Abe’s Beijing trip. This paper aims to restore the process of Sino-Japanese reconciliation, explore the undercurrents and origin of the reconciliation from the aspect of political, military, economic, social and international environments, and further evaluate the trend of reconciliation and relations between China and Japan in the future.