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    題名: 中共「和諧世界」外交戰略研究
    其他題名: The research of China's "Harmonious World" foreign strategies
    作者: 孫中運;Sun, Chung-yung
    貢獻者: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    趙春山;Chao, Chun-shan
    關鍵詞: 戰略;外交;國家利益;和諧社會;和平發展;和平崛起;Strategy;diplomacy;National Interests;harmonious society;Peaceful Development;peaceful Rise
    日期: 2009
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:24:19 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 進入21世紀,隨著中國綜合國力的快速增長,中國將對國際事務與格局發揮重大的影響力。2002年中共在十六大提出:「綜觀全局,21世紀頭20年對中國來說,是一個必須緊緊抓住並且可以大有作為的重要戰略機遇期。」中國未來的外交,必將著眼於這個大局,牢牢抓住這個重要的戰略機遇,為確保全面建設小康社會目標的順利實現和中華民族的偉大復興,創造條件和營造有利的國際環境。在此戰略機遇期內,中共的國家利益是「推進現代化建設、完成國家統一、維護世界和平與促進共同發展。」中共國家戰略的謀劃與實施,均將圍繞這三大歷史任務展開。依此,中共第四代領導人胡錦濤上台後,全力建構「中國和平崛起」理論,成為新的國家發展戰略;但中國的「崛起」,卻引起國際社會對「中國威脅」的疑慮。
    面對「中國威脅論」,中國能否在今後的發展中實現「和平崛起」,問題在於中國的發展是否能繼續保持「和平」的模式,其取決於兩個方面:一是有沒有適宜的國際條件,二是中國能不能採取適宜的戰略。在和平與發展的國際環境中,中共於2004年提出對內謀求小康的「和諧社會」執政理念,2005年提出對外謀求和平的「和諧世界」新理念;中共以「和諧戰略」作為國家內、外戰略的主要思維,均是為中國塑造和維護一個有利發展的國內和國際環境。而中國要順利達成「和平崛起」戰略,除其可掌握的內部環境外,更需要創造一個適合中國發展的外部環境。外交是內政的延續,外交戰略是要服從並為國家戰略服務。因此,在全面建設小康的歷史機遇期內,中共外交戰略有必要繼續為其全面建設小康社會的戰略目標,創造和保持良好的國際環境。「和諧外交」基本上已成為胡錦濤時代中共外交戰略的新主軸。中共以「和平發展」推動建設「和諧世界」,「爭取和平的國際環境發展自己,又以自身的發展促進世界和平」;「和諧世界」外交戰略對中共而言,是一個既有利於自身的發展,又有利於世界發展的戰略。
    In the 21st century China, with the rapid growth of its comprehensive power, will exert its influence in the fields of international affairs and configuration. In the Sixteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2002, CPC put forward "An overview of the situation shows that for China, the first two decades of the 21st century are a period of important strategic opportunities which we must seize tightly and which offers bright prospects.” China''s future diplomacy will focus on the overall situations and firmly seize this important strategic opportunities to ensure the realization of building a well-off society in an all-round way and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and to create an international environment favorable to China. During this strategic opportunity period, China’s national interests are "propelling the modernization construction, achieving the reunification of the motherland, safeguarding world peace and promoting common development.” The planning and implementation of China’s national strategy will be based on these three historical tasks. After the fourth generation leader of the Chinese Communist Hu Jintao took office, the theory of "China''s peaceful rise" has been fully constructed and become the new national development strategy. However, the “rise” of China raises doubts of “China threat.”
    Under the circumstances, there are two factors determining whether China can realize the future development of "peaceful rise": one, are there suitable international conditions for China and two, can China take appropriate strategies? Therefore, the Chinese Communists put forward the ruling idea of building “a harmonious society” in 2004 and a new concept of seeking "a harmonious world" in 2005. Since then, the "harmonious strategies" have become the main ways of thinking for the Chinese Communists to create and maintain domestic and international environments favorable to China’s development. For China, the internal environment is, relatively speaking, more manageable. But if China wants to attain the goal of "peaceful rise" smoothly, China needs to create an external environment that is conducive to its development because foreign policies are a natural extension of domestic ones; the diplomatic strategy is to obey and serve the national strategy. Therefore, during this historical opportunity period of building a well-off society, the "Harmonious diplomacy" has basically become a new principal axis of Hu Jintao’s diplomatic strategy. “Strive for a peaceful international environment so that we can develop ourselves, and then use our development to promote the world peace.” For China, the diplomatic strategy of the harmonious world is one conducive both to its development and world development.
    顯示於類別:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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