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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/30145

    Title: 中共「和諧世界」外交戰略研究
    Other Titles: The research of China's "Harmonious World" foreign strategies
    Authors: 孫中運;Sun, Chung-yung
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    趙春山;Chao, Chun-shan
    Keywords: 戰略;外交;國家利益;和諧社會;和平發展;和平崛起;Strategy;diplomacy;National Interests;harmonious society;Peaceful Development;peaceful Rise
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:24:19 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 進入21世紀,隨著中國綜合國力的快速增長,中國將對國際事務與格局發揮重大的影響力。2002年中共在十六大提出:「綜觀全局,21世紀頭20年對中國來說,是一個必須緊緊抓住並且可以大有作為的重要戰略機遇期。」中國未來的外交,必將著眼於這個大局,牢牢抓住這個重要的戰略機遇,為確保全面建設小康社會目標的順利實現和中華民族的偉大復興,創造條件和營造有利的國際環境。在此戰略機遇期內,中共的國家利益是「推進現代化建設、完成國家統一、維護世界和平與促進共同發展。」中共國家戰略的謀劃與實施,均將圍繞這三大歷史任務展開。依此,中共第四代領導人胡錦濤上台後,全力建構「中國和平崛起」理論,成為新的國家發展戰略;但中國的「崛起」,卻引起國際社會對「中國威脅」的疑慮。
    In the 21st century China, with the rapid growth of its comprehensive power, will exert its influence in the fields of international affairs and configuration. In the Sixteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2002, CPC put forward "An overview of the situation shows that for China, the first two decades of the 21st century are a period of important strategic opportunities which we must seize tightly and which offers bright prospects.” China''s future diplomacy will focus on the overall situations and firmly seize this important strategic opportunities to ensure the realization of building a well-off society in an all-round way and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and to create an international environment favorable to China. During this strategic opportunity period, China’s national interests are "propelling the modernization construction, achieving the reunification of the motherland, safeguarding world peace and promoting common development.” The planning and implementation of China’s national strategy will be based on these three historical tasks. After the fourth generation leader of the Chinese Communist Hu Jintao took office, the theory of "China''s peaceful rise" has been fully constructed and become the new national development strategy. However, the “rise” of China raises doubts of “China threat.”
    Under the circumstances, there are two factors determining whether China can realize the future development of "peaceful rise": one, are there suitable international conditions for China and two, can China take appropriate strategies? Therefore, the Chinese Communists put forward the ruling idea of building “a harmonious society” in 2004 and a new concept of seeking "a harmonious world" in 2005. Since then, the "harmonious strategies" have become the main ways of thinking for the Chinese Communists to create and maintain domestic and international environments favorable to China’s development. For China, the internal environment is, relatively speaking, more manageable. But if China wants to attain the goal of "peaceful rise" smoothly, China needs to create an external environment that is conducive to its development because foreign policies are a natural extension of domestic ones; the diplomatic strategy is to obey and serve the national strategy. Therefore, during this historical opportunity period of building a well-off society, the "Harmonious diplomacy" has basically become a new principal axis of Hu Jintao’s diplomatic strategy. “Strive for a peaceful international environment so that we can develop ourselves, and then use our development to promote the world peace.” For China, the diplomatic strategy of the harmonious world is one conducive both to its development and world development.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of China Studies] Thesis

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