本論文基本上採取「歷史研究途徑」(Historical Approach)及「文化認同研究途徑」(Cultural Identity Approach)，將中國的「和平崛起」視為一整體系統進行探討。並假設是將中國的「和平崛起」視為有一與其政策存在相適應的「文化認同」，中國在此一「文化認同」調適下，得以生存發展，繼而對台灣產生深遠的影響。但此文化認同係由其歷史傳承而來，再逐漸形成。
On November 3, 2003, the President of the Forum on the Reform and Open Policy of China, Mr. Zheng Bijian, presented the Theory of Peaceful Rise in the general convention of the Boao Forum for Asia, and the “peaceful rise” concept that China is aggressively implementing. China had been persistently implementing “peaceful rise” for a period of time now, and on March 31, 2004, the Chinese central government decided to change its course from promoting the Theory of Peaceful Rise to propounding the Peaceful Development Theory. Despite that, “peaceful rise” had created inconsiderable impacts on Taiwan and other parts of the world. This paper shall conduct an in-depth study on these impacts.
This paper basically employs the Historical Approach and the Cultural Identity Approach on the subject matter and regards China’s “peaceful rise” as a comprehensive system. The study revolves around the hypothesis that China’s “peaceful rise” has a cultural identity that supports its existence and relates it to the other policies of China. Under the umbrella of “cultural identity”, “peaceful rise” was able to flourish and develop, as well as create serious far-reaching impacts on Taiwan. On the other hand, cultural identity is a frame of mind developed gradually from historical legacy handed down for generations.
The study mainly focuses on the “peaceful rise” efforts of China in the Hu Jintao Era; hence, research period starts from the Boao Forum for Asia (November 2003) to the spring of 2006. As for research framework, Chapter 1 contains the introduction of the paper. Chapter 2 explores the conceptual background, historical background, as well as the establishment and implications of the “peaceful rise” concept. The chapter presents a complete in-depth analysis of the “peaceful rise” concept. Chapter 3 focuses on the implementation of the “peaceful rise” concept; the chapter mainly starts from the “peaceful rise” of political aspect to the “peaceful rise” of economical, military, diplomatic and cultural aspects. A penetrating analysis is conducted through the implementation of “peaceful rise” program. Chapter 4 delves into the difficulties China faced during the implementation of the “peaceful rise” program, examining each difficulty and aspect pursuant to the research findings of Chapter 3; for instance, the other countries’ dilemmas of the “peaceful rise” concept, the problems of political corruption, social economic problems, troublesome social problems, and the impacts of the peaceful evolution of the West. Chapter 5 looks into the impacts of China’s “peaceful rise” on Taiwan, dissecting its impacts on Taiwan’s politics, economy, military, foreign affairs, and culture. Furthermore, the chapter also traces the root causes of the “peaceful rise” impacts, and thereafter evaluates the measures Taiwan institute against such impacts. Chapter 6 presents a general concluding study on the differences in the theory and practice of China’s “peaceful rise” based on the impacts it had on Taiwan.