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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30129

    Title: 國有企業職工下崗對中國大陸社會的影響
    Other Titles: The influence of laid-off workers of state-owned enterprises on thesociety of mainland China.
    Authors: 李健新;Lee, Chien-hsin
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    趙春山;Chao, Chun-shan
    Keywords: 失業;國企改革;職工下崗;社會影響;社會保障制度;Unemployment;The innovation of state firms;Laid-off worker;Social influence;Social protection
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:23:34 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 自從中國大陸於1978年鄧小平復出之後,改弦易轍推行「改革開放」的政策,導入資本主義經濟的思想概念,使中國大陸近二十多年來平均以二位數的經濟成長率快速發展。在亮麗經濟成長的背後,中共進行的經濟體制改革,從計劃經濟體系向社會主義市場經濟體系轉型的過程當中,卻是無可避免地對於舊有的體制造成巨大的衝擊。而中共為了因應新的經濟體制的需要,在國有企業體制的改革上也在國家的強而有力的指導下持續進行著,以符合新的經濟體制的要求。
    Since Deng Xiao-Ping succeeded political power in 1978, China had enforced “Reform and Open-up” policies. The concept of capitalistic economy was introduced to China that caused its economic growth rate to increase on average of higher than ten percent over the past twenty years. Under this awesome economic growth, China government carried on the innovation of economic system, from central-planned economy system to socialism market economy system. But unavoidably, the changes led the original system to a vast crash. Many state-owned firms abiding by the direction of the government continued to innovate to meet the need of the new economic system.

    However, the market efficient economic system influenced the operation of the state-owned firms on the process of socialism market economic system. The traditional management of state-owned firms also faced the challenges of the innovation and the transition so as to compete with foreign enterprises and non-state firms. Hence, the innovation of state-owned firms gave rise to numbers of laid-off workers and brought about many unstable social phenomenon in China.

    In our research, several conclusions could be made in the following:
    1. The unemployment of the laid-off workers resulted from the following three factors: the interior population structure, the transition of economic system and the innovation of state-owned firms.
    2. As derivative Chinese word “unemployment” appeared and “laid-off” became oblivion, “the laid-off problems” seemed to be solved, but actually these were still concealed behind enormous unemployment, and had not been cleared up.
    3. During the innovation these laid-off workers from state-owned firms became new inferior minorities in cities, whose superior position and welfare (while they worked in the state firms) had been lost. Once they could not find their feet, the chance of returning to work would be harder.
    4. Workers in state-owned firms made a stand against the higher authority or Governments by meeting, writing or going into the streets due to uneven distribution of income, which hindered the social development.
    5. The urgent policy for laid-off workers was to carry out economic compensation and social protection so that unsatisfied voice could be repressed to minimum.
    6. Although “the laid-off problems” could not overthrow the Communist regime, it was likely to become a menace in politics. While it combined with other forces against the Communist regime, it would cause a great impact on the future of China.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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