China has established diplomatic relations with India for more than half a century. Since the end of the Cold War, the relationship between the two countries has quickly increased. With the booming exchanges in politics, economics and trade, culture, military, society and so on, both countries concluded a strategic partner relationship toward peace and prosperity in 2005 that leads their relations even better.
However, the two countries have not always kept good interactions since they established the diplomatic relations. As far back as 1962, their relationship had been suspended for more than ten years because of the border clash. In 1976, although both sides restored to send ambassadors, the grudges remained, and their foreign relations were always in the state of the “cold peace” till the visit of the Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi to China which made the mutual relations turn warming from cold peace.
This thesis aims at discussing the reasons why the two countries’ relationship changed since the end of the Cold War and the obstacles both sides face in the future. On the bases of the discussions, we will predict the development of the relationship in the work. The study process will not only outline the China-India relationship in the Cold War and their interactions in politics, economics and military after the Cold War, but also adopt the new realist Kenneth Waltz’s “three levels of analytic methods” as a reference to probe into the reasons of the turn in terms of the international political and economic environment, both countries’ domestic environment and decision makers. In addition, the work will illustrate the obstacles in the future development from the four parts, that is, the border issues, Pakistani issues, economic competition and main countries’ relationship in South Asia. From these analyses, we will conclude the advantageous and disadvantageous factors as a basis to predict the future development of both countries.
What the future relationship between China and India will be gives one much food for thought. Although the two countries have enhanced their relations in recent years, there is still a trusting shadow in the atmosphere of the warming exchanges. Also, the competition has been emerged in the cooperation of the politics and economics. On the basis of the national interests, China-India relationship will continuously keep the way both competitive and cooperative in the short term, but in the long term, it will depend on the wisdom of the decision makers and the extent of the relative interests during the competition.