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    Title: 中國大陸勞動法制之研究
    Other Titles: The research of the labor legal system in Mainland China
    Authors: 王世豪;Wang, Shih-hao
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    張五岳;Chang, Wu-ueh
    Keywords: 中國大陸;勞動;;China;Labor;Law
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:23:01 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中國大陸勞動法律制度是調整勞動關係,以及與勞動關係密切聯繫的其他社會關係法律規範的總稱,更是維護勞動者權益、協調勞動關係、促進經濟發展和社會進步的重要法律領域。
    隨著中國大陸的改革,為了要適應這些變化,許多相關勞動關係法令相繼制定,但中國大陸人民對法治的觀念尚相當欠缺。因此,要期待大陸人民對相關勞動法律關係有正確的瞭解實屬不易。這些問題是企業在大陸設廠、招募人力所遇到的棘手問題。由勞動者的立場來看,企業會利用中國大陸的法律、法規的漏洞,剝奪勞動者的合法權利和利益。由企業的立場來看,勞動者不關注企業內部規定或者相關勞動法律或者根本沒有法治概念,導致企業在運用這些勞動者時,難免會產生衝突。因此,若要避免因法令關係而發生勞動爭議,並期能恢復正常的勞動關係,雙方都應正確地瞭解勞動法制。
    本文旨在探討現行中國大陸勞動法律制度之內容,擬從其法制發展的沿革、勞動標準、勞動爭議處理、勞動保障監察,並且探討《中華人民共和國勞動法》施行10年的成果,對勞動法制相關修法提出建言,在中國政府積極招商下,台商積極西進之時,以期對現行中國大陸勞動法律制度有一認識與瞭解,並且促進勞動關係之和諧。
    本論文研究目的,有以下四點:
    一、欲瞭解大陸勞動法制之沿革並就《勞動法》迄今實行10年與相關勞動立法問題作一探討。
    二、探討關於工資、工時、休息與休假、退休、經濟補償(資遣費)、以及女職工與未成年工特殊保護等,大陸現行勞動法制中重要的勞動標準。
    三、欲瞭解大陸現行勞動爭議處理制度,並就其程序內容與優缺點作一探討。
    四、探討大陸現行勞動保障監察制度,並就2004年11月最新頒佈施行的《勞動保障監察條例》作一敘述說明。

    本論文是對於中國大陸勞動法制之研究,全文分為八章。本論文的結論,總結了大陸勞動立法之現狀、大陸勞動法制現存之問題、以及勾勒大陸勞動法制之規劃與趨勢。
    The system of Mainland China''s labor law adjusts the work relations. It not only relates the legal standard with the social relationship but also has an important law field of conserving labors'' rights and interests, coordinating labor relationship, promoting economy development and the society progresses.

    Along with the reform of mainland China, in order to adapt these changes, many correlative labor relations laws formulate one after another. However, people in the Mainland China were still quite short of the idea of rule-by-law. Therefore, to expect the mainland people having the correct understanding to the correlative labor relations would be not so easy. These problems are the tough matters that enterprises who set up factories in the mainland and recruit manpower met. From the standpoint of worker, the enterprise uses loophole of laws and regulations in the Mainland China to deprive worker''s legal right and benefit. From the standpoint of enterprise, the worker does not pay attention to the enterprise’s interior regulations, the correlative labor laws or basically does not have concept of rule-by-law, which unavoidably causes conflicts when the enterprise utilizes these workers. Consequently, if both sides trying to avoid a labor dispute because of the law relations, and to restore the normal labor relations, they should correctly understand the work legal system.

    This article aims to discuss the content of the present Mainland China work legal system from its evolution of the legal system development, the work standard, labor dispute processing, and the work safeguard supervision. It discusses the achievement of “the People''s Republic of China Labor Law” to execute for ten years, and proposes advises to the amendment of the work legal system in the time of actively businessman welcoming by the Chinese government, and actively west heading by the Taiwanese businessman. It aims to gain an understanding to the present Mainland China work law system, and to facilitate harmony of the labor relations.
    Below are four research goals for this paper:
    1. To understand the evolution of the mainland work legal system and discuss the implementation for ten years of the “Labor law” up to now as well as the correlative labor legislation question.
    2. To discuss the important labor standard in the present mainland work legal system, including the wages, work hour, the rest and the vacation, the retirement, the economy compensation (payment of discharges from severance), as well as the working woman and the underage labor special protection and so on.
    3. To understand the present mainland labor dispute-processing system, and discuss on its procedure content and the good and bad points.
    4. To discuss the present mainland work safeguard supervisory system, and give a narrative explanation to the newly executed enactment, “Work Safeguard Supervision Rule” on November, 2004.

    The paper gives a study on the Mainland China labor legal system. The full text divides into eight chapters. In the conclusion, it summarized present situation of the mainland labor law legislation, the extant question of the mainland labor legal system, as well as outlined plan of and the tendency of the mainland work legal system.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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