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|Other Titles: ||The formation and development : Sino-Russian partnership of strategic coordination|
|Authors: ||尤臺蓉;Yu, Tai-jung|
|Keywords: ||戰略夥伴關係;Partnership of strategic coordination|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-10 23:22:55 (UTC+8)|
The relationship between Russia and China has been going on in the last three hundred odd years. Basically it was built on 「invading」 and 「being invaded」. Since 1949 when Communist China government established, it adopted a「land slide」policy for Russia . At the end of `50s, their relationship became deteriorated, owing to the disparity in ideology. In 1963, their relationship was completely broken, and in 1969 happened the「Gin-Bow Island Incident」. At the end of `70s Russia deployed a million of strong army near the Chinese border, supported Vietnam to invade Cambodia and attacked Afghanistan by force. These measures by Russia had tightened the screws on China, leading to the complete break-up of their relationship. With the ending of the Cold War and the disintegration of Soviet Republics, the Sino-Russia relationship began to shed some light. After the Cold War, America became the sole super country along with several strong countries. With the speeding development of global economy and the unification of district and economy, 「Priority on Economy」had become a very important factor in deciding the relationship between countries.
Since 1992, Russia and China look on each other as 「Mutually Friend Countries」；in 1994, established 「21 Century Constructive Partner」； in 1996, scaled up to 「Strategic Cooperation Partner」； in 2001,signed 「Mutually Cooperation Friend Treaty」. The August, 2005 united military exercise made their relationship reach to the plateau. The leading cause to the strategic unification was aiming to break the area compression of 「NATO」, led by America, in the west; and to fight the containing strategy of 「America-Japan Security Protection Treaty」in the east. Secondly, Russia and China wanted to fully develop their economic; to improve relationship with neighboring countries; to facilitate their individual economy benefits. Moreover, by cooperation, they wanted to establish new order in the world, and to develop multi-polarization so as to have more room for development. Furthermore, they wanted to reinforce each other in warding off America bullying, and to elevate their international prestige and district influence.
The development of strategic friend partnership, between Russia and China, is expanding steadily, no matter in political inter-reaction, business dealings, military cooperation, frontier problem solving, and culture and education exchange, and especially in the area of military cooperation. This has influenced on district balance and on the security between Taiwan Strait. But it still has limits. In order to beat 「Three Evil Forces」Russia, China and five countries in mid-Asia established「Shanghai Cooperation Organization」, in 2001, to give them more room for cooperation on the security and district economy . After「911 Incidents」，America needs the support of Russia and China to fight terrorism. However, America uses antiterrorism as an excuse for ushering its influence into mid-Asia, damaging Russia and China influence and strategic benefits in this region. This forces Russia and China to further their cooperation, so they can curb the influence of America. The「Peace
For Mission-2005」, a military exercise, was really staged for this purpose.
Considering the strategic of Russia and China, 「American Factor」will decide the subsequent development of the Sino-Russia relationship. America hopes that it can limit Russia and China, while Russia and China hope to overcome their passiveness by cooperation. In the future, Russia and China will still keep on cooperating as strategic partner and pursue their individual benefits. Whether they will deepen their partnership, or even make further alliance with each other, remains to be observed.
|Appears in Collections:||[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文|
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