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    Title: 中俄戰略協作夥伴關係的形成與發展
    Other Titles: The formation and development : Sino-Russian partnership of strategic coordination
    Authors: 尤臺蓉;Yu, Tai-jung
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    趙春山;Chao, Chun-shan
    Keywords: 戰略夥伴關係;Partnership of strategic coordination
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:22:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中俄關係交往已有三百多年的歷史,兩國關係基本上是侵略與被侵略的關係;從1949年中共建政之初對蘇聯的關係採取「一邊倒」政策到五○年代末期,中蘇因意識形態的分歧,導致兩國關係發生變化。1963年中蘇關係全面破裂至1969年珍寶島事件,七○年代末蘇聯更在中國邊界部署百萬兵力,並透過支援越南對高棉用兵及武力入侵阿富汗,讓中共深感在地緣政治上形成鉗行包圍,至此,中蘇關係嚴重惡化。冷戰結束、蘇聯解體,中俄關係產生巨大變化。冷戰後國際體系呈現美國一超獨強與其他大國多強並存格局,而經濟全球化及區域經濟一體化趨勢加速發展,「經濟掛帥」的對外政策,成為冷戰後左右國家關係的重要因素。
    The relationship between Russia and China has been going on in the last three hundred odd years. Basically it was built on 「invading」 and 「being invaded」. Since 1949 when Communist China government established, it adopted a「land slide」policy for Russia . At the end of `50s, their relationship became deteriorated, owing to the disparity in ideology. In 1963, their relationship was completely broken, and in 1969 happened the「Gin-Bow Island Incident」. At the end of `70s Russia deployed a million of strong army near the Chinese border, supported Vietnam to invade Cambodia and attacked Afghanistan by force. These measures by Russia had tightened the screws on China, leading to the complete break-up of their relationship. With the ending of the Cold War and the disintegration of Soviet Republics, the Sino-Russia relationship began to shed some light. After the Cold War, America became the sole super country along with several strong countries. With the speeding development of global economy and the unification of district and economy, 「Priority on Economy」had become a very important factor in deciding the relationship between countries.
    Since 1992, Russia and China look on each other as 「Mutually Friend Countries」;in 1994, established 「21 Century Constructive Partner」; in 1996, scaled up to 「Strategic Cooperation Partner」; in 2001,signed 「Mutually Cooperation Friend Treaty」. The August, 2005 united military exercise made their relationship reach to the plateau. The leading cause to the strategic unification was aiming to break the area compression of 「NATO」, led by America, in the west; and to fight the containing strategy of 「America-Japan Security Protection Treaty」in the east. Secondly, Russia and China wanted to fully develop their economic; to improve relationship with neighboring countries; to facilitate their individual economy benefits. Moreover, by cooperation, they wanted to establish new order in the world, and to develop multi-polarization so as to have more room for development. Furthermore, they wanted to reinforce each other in warding off America bullying, and to elevate their international prestige and district influence.
    The development of strategic friend partnership, between Russia and China, is expanding steadily, no matter in political inter-reaction, business dealings, military cooperation, frontier problem solving, and culture and education exchange, and especially in the area of military cooperation. This has influenced on district balance and on the security between Taiwan Strait. But it still has limits. In order to beat 「Three Evil Forces」Russia, China and five countries in mid-Asia established「Shanghai Cooperation Organization」, in 2001, to give them more room for cooperation on the security and district economy . After「911 Incidents」,America needs the support of Russia and China to fight terrorism. However, America uses antiterrorism as an excuse for ushering its influence into mid-Asia, damaging Russia and China influence and strategic benefits in this region. This forces Russia and China to further their cooperation, so they can curb the influence of America. The「Peace
    For Mission-2005」, a military exercise, was really staged for this purpose.
    Considering the strategic of Russia and China, 「American Factor」will decide the subsequent development of the Sino-Russia relationship. America hopes that it can limit Russia and China, while Russia and China hope to overcome their passiveness by cooperation. In the future, Russia and China will still keep on cooperating as strategic partner and pursue their individual benefits. Whether they will deepen their partnership, or even make further alliance with each other, remains to be observed.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of China Studies] Thesis

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