After World War II, the western capitalism nation launched the "strategy" of "peaceful evolution" in order to suppress the communism to stretch. Through the politics, economy and culture permeated actively to change the socialism nation and fight a "no fire war" to melt peaceably the socialism. In order to resist the western nation that transform the Communist Party of China through anti-armed strategy, the Communist Party of China put forward "anti-peaceful evolution" strategy.
This article discussed from the view of perception research approach. It emphasized the perception of the Communist Party of China on western "peaceful evolution" and .a policymaker’s perception played an important role of decisions process. Further, this article discussed the perception of the Communist Party of China on western "peaceful
evolution" by "threat" or "opportunity" will affect "anti-peaceful evolution" of concrete strategy.
The Communist Party of China thought that American as early as the end of 1940''s to 1950''s launched the scheme of "peaceful evolution" for the socialism China. Then, the Mao, Tse-tung ever put forward the discussion on preventing the capitalism "peaceful evolution" . The discussion was considered a beginning of "anti-peaceful evolution" form of Mao, Tse-tung. In the meantime, it also represented that the Communist Party of China made a beginning of defense of perception formation on the western "peaceful evolution"
After the reformation and open, the Communist Party of China provided obviously more chance for western nation to implement "peaceful evolution" strategy, and indirectly accelerated the fluctuation of the Chinese society. In 1989, "64 incident" were immediately explained by the Communist Party of China for the result of the western nation followed out "peaceful evolution" strategy over a long period of time. Afterward, a great change in Eastern Europe and Soviets increased the Communist Party of China''s crisis feeling and it made the Communist Party of China felt "threat" and thought the western capitalism nation intented to make the socialism to collapse,so resulted defense of perception from western "peaceful evolution" strategy and put forward "anti-peaceful evolution" strategy to consolidate the political power. The concrete strategy included the organization of party’s restructuring, the enhancement of political development of the troops, the enhancement of the control in ideology...etc.
However, along Deng, Xiao-ping insisted on deep reform and economy development, the reformation and open route had already can''t be conversed. The Communist Party of China owed to the perception of "opportunity" (economic benefit), turned to cooperate with American in economy. It made the Communist Party of China on the western "peaceful evolution" strategy from defense of perception to economy cooperation of perception, and "anti-peaceful evolution" of concrete strategy didn’t focus on the ideology control totally. Then the Communist Party of China turned into carrying on the developments in the economic level
This research found that the Communist Party of China''s "anti- peaceful evolution" seems have already been limited that didn’t obstruct economy development so far. However, actually, the Communist Party of China did not give up to control the ideology and the society, it just depended on the development of its home and abroad political and economic situation in order to put forward "anti-peaceful evolution" in good time.
After the"64 incident", the Communist Party of China through the conflict of "capitalism" or "Socialism", came out a way of ".politics on the left but economy on the right" and a route of" the socialism of Chinese character" The Communist Party of China had more and more confidence to resist the western "peaceful evolution" strategy by keeping on the development in the bottom level of economy, the social control in the upper level of politics and. enhancement in Chinese culture development.