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    Title: 布希亞的文化消費理論 : 以宗教迎神活動為例
    Other Titles: The theory of cultural consumption of jean baudrillard : the case of pilgrimage activities
    Authors: 呂思慧;Lu, Si-huei
    Contributors: 淡江大學法國語文學系碩士班
    吳錫德;Wu, Hsi-deh
    Keywords: 布希亞;符號消費;符號價值;媒體景觀;媽祖;迎神;Baudrillard;consumption of sign;sign value;media spectacle;goddess Mazu;pilgrimage;Baudrillard;consommation des signes;valeur de signe;spectacle de medium;deesse Mazu;pelerinage
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:19:54 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 布希亞表示,「要成為消費的對象,物必須成為符號」,藉以正式宣告消費社會的來臨。消費商品─物所內含的符號意義才是消費的主要目的,符號消費是人們建構社會地位的方式之一,符號消費的目的在於製造差異,在各具符號象徵意義及符號秩序的物環繞之下,人們透過消費「符號的差異性」,也同時在趨向認同。在無法得到恩賜的情況下透過自身的努力來拯救。人與人之間的關係是由消費所建構出來,而符號消費所建立的符號系統、社會秩序是文化的再現,各種符號交錯組成的社會正是個龐大的物體系,人們在這個巨大的結構裡否定自我價值,但同時又建立自身價值。

    媒體干涉消費社會運作的秩序,大眾媒體的興盛更導致符號秩序的混亂,社會原有的符號秩序徹底崩解。媒體所散佈的信息是無秩序、不具連續意義、瑣碎的拼貼成品,人造影像的堆疊與再製構成消費社會的奇特景觀。景觀是由影像所組成,這些影像都是媒體人為製造比原型還真實的超真實影像,透過媒介物─螢幕呈現讓人目眩神迷的氛圍。在這資訊太多而意義太少的社會裡,媒體現象與真實的界線模糊不清,真實性本身就是難辨認的。

    在資本主義式的商業機制運作下,宗教信仰的符號也被作為流行符號操作,在宗教商業化操作以及大眾傳媒的推波助瀾,台灣大甲媽祖遶境活動引發信仰符號消費熱潮。媒體刻意營造一種氛圍,呈現一種景觀、這種無形的制約是最深刻的奴役。資本家如何透過媒體營造景觀、製造氛圍,用以催眠消費者使他進入這個物體系 ?本論文藉布希亞符號消費理論及擬像理論,並融合德波的景觀概念,分析信仰符號消費的流行文化現象,並試論宗教信仰在過度商業機制的符號化操作後所面臨的限制和危機。符號的過度複製與再生產削減了符號的內涵意義,人透過符號消費是否真正完成自我 ?或僅是符號價值取代自身價值使個人失去主體性,而符號的內涵則因為充斥過多的意義,導致符號意義的內爆,符號的內涵意義終究消失殆盡 。
    Jean Baudrillard claimed, "To become an object of consumption, an object must first become a sign," which announces the arrival of the consumer society. We consume mainly in order to obtain the sign in the object. The consumption of sign is one of the ways to establish our status in the society. The sign value decides the system of objects. Moreover, we consume the sign in order to produce the value differences. We consume “sign difference” in a tendency to be recognized and to save ourselves by our own efforts. Consumption builds relationships between human beings. By consumption of sign, we construct the system of sign and social orders, which reflects the culture. In this enormous system of objects, we deny the value of ourselves and yet build it at the same time.

    The media not only interfere with the order of the consumer society. Moveover, its prosperity also disrupts the sign order. The sign order we used to have is totally destroyed. The messages distributed by the media are patched together in chaos with fragments of meanings. The reproduce of artificial images makes a strange spectacle in the consumer society. This spectacle is made up of artificial images, which appear to be even more real than reality and through TV provide an overwhelming atmosphere. In a world with too much information and without enough meanings, we can hardly tell between the phenomenon of mass media and the reality. As a result, the reality is very hard to recognize.

    Under the mechanism of Capitalism, the religious sign is manipulated as the fashion sign. The pilgrimage activities of Daja Mazu bring about a rush of the consumption of religious sign. This ambience of the spectacle is like an invisible constraint which forces people to consume. How does the Capitalist control the mass media, produce the ambience of the spectacle to hypnotize the consumer? This thesis discusses the consumption of sign and analyzes the consumption of religious sign in the popular culture as well.
    Appears in Collections:[法國語文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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