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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30054

    Title: Une imagination limitée de la colonie dans l'Exposition coloniale en 1931 : Le pavillon de l'Indochine
    Other Titles: 1931年萬國殖民博覽會:一種對殖民地的有限想像,以印度支那館為例
    The limits of the colonial imaginary: a case study of the Indochina pavilion at the exposition coloniale internationale, 1931, Paris
    Authors: 林士鈞;Lin, Shih-chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學法國語文學系碩士班
    蘇哲安;Solomon, Jon D.
    Keywords: 人類形狀;階級;殖民想像;景觀;Human form;Class;Colonial imaginary;spectacle;la forme humaine;la classe;imagination coloniale;le spectacle
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:18:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在一九三一年,宏偉的複製吳哥窟及「現代化」的摩洛哥出現於巴黎的萬國博覽會,這不只象徵著殖民博覽會達到最高峰,更重要的是法國「承襲」及「復甦」了古老的殖民地文化。然而這是一個相當奇怪的概念,因為在1867年,博覽會首次「再現」的「黑色民族」代表著一種絕對的「落後」,而法國更不可能是其繼承者。這黑色民族在當時而言,只不過又是另ㄧ種展示國力及牟利的手段而已。至此我們可以發覺到「民族」這概念其實是「浮動」的,它會隨著階級或者時間而改變。
    In 1931, the grandiose copy of Angkor Vat and modern Marco are installed in the Exposition coloniale internationale de Paris, which symbols undoubtedly the culmination of the colonial exposition. What’s more important, the French at that time inherit and revive the ancient culture of the colony. However, that remains quite a strange concept. The “black nation” represented in the Exposition in 1867 is absolutely “inferior” to the “white nation”. In that case, it is by no means that the French become their inheritor. The “black nation” represented is just another way to display the colonial power and to gain commercial benefits. In fact, we can easily find out that the concept of “nation” is actually “floating”. It will change with the time or the class.
    As to the relationship between the nation and the class, we can trace its history back to the French revolution and the appearance of the modern “state-nation”. In the expansion of the colony, the “nation” becomes the “race” . This kind of human form legitimatize the colonial expansion. The Exposition in 1931 is held between the two Wars. French government faces this complicated situation, they adjust incessantly their attitude towards their colony. The interpretation of the colony depends entirely on their benefits. Moreover, the “nation” is confirmed again by the human science. It seems that a human being can’t avoid becoming a “nation” when he or she was born. Hence, the basic problem is probably not to respect “another” nation. Should people have a human form? That is the problem we should think about.
    And the Exposition is also a kind of “spectacle”. The object exhibited is no more a substance, but a “signification”. A limited imagination legitimatize the whole invasive action.
    Appears in Collections:[法國語文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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