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    題名: 論《第二性》中的女性議題啟發我對臺灣女權發展的感想
    其他題名: The reflection about the feminism of Taiwan from simone de beauvoir: the second sex
    作者: 吳詩琦;Wu, Shih-chi
    貢獻者: 淡江大學法國語文學系碩士班
    苑倚曼;Yuan, Yi-mond
    關鍵詞: 第二性;存在主義;歧視;他者;女性主義;自主;The second sex;existentialism;discrimination;others;feminism;autonomy;Le deuxieme sexe;existentialisme;discrimination;autre;feminisme;autonomie
    日期: 2007
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:18:33 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 《第二性》是法國二十世紀女性運動先驅—西蒙.波娃的代表作品。這本書分兩卷:第一卷主要是討論婦女的處境、權力及地位的變化,以女性群體的角度去討論婦女問題;第二卷則主要是描述各個年齡階段與各種類型女性的生理與心理以及處境的變化。

    本論文主要透過這本深度探討女性處境與地位等相關議題的作品,去反觀台灣女性的處境,其中討論了女性在各個層面所遭遇的不平等對待與受歧視的現象,並提出更深刻的見解與省思,企圖喚醒女性自我的認知與價值,從而真正擺脫第二性的模糊性別角色。此外,還結合了《第二性》中的女性主義理論與台灣現代女權問題作比較,透過西蒙.波娃的觀點去檢視台灣女性的第二性地位,以不同的角度與思考模式來探究女權運動的發展與進步。本論文分為三個章節,第一章西蒙.波娃《第二性》中的女權議題分析,論述西方女性運動的發展,並透過「他者」與「存在」的觀點去討論女性主義,以及職業女性在職場上的契機與危機;第二章台灣當代女權議題探討,論述台灣女權的發展與進步,以及在家庭、教育與工作層面上台灣女性所面臨的困難與窘境,並探討女性自我意識的甦醒。最後,第三章探究《第二性》中女性地位理論與台灣女性角色問題,結合了第一章與第二章的重點,就西蒙.波娃的第二性理論與台灣女性地位的現況提出建設性的見解,並論述《第二性》中的五位法國男作家對女性的書寫,此外,也分析了母職與職業婦女這兩種角色所面臨的困境及解決的可能。

    西蒙.波娃《第二性》的重點不在提出如何改變女性次等地位的方法,這本著作的真正目的是要喚醒女性,企圖讓更多人注意到女性劣等地位的事實,希望改變舊有的觀念、拋棄性別成見。《第二性》告訴女人:女人是可以有選擇的,而選擇必須建立在深刻的自覺、足夠的勇氣以及自信與努力之上。
    The Second Sex is a representative work of Simone de Beauvoir, who was the pioneer of the feminist movement in France during the twentieth century. The book is divided into two volumes. The first volume, discusses changes in the situation of females, their power and status, the feminine issues from point of view of the group. The second volume, describes physiological, mental and situational change of all the ages and all typs of women.

    The thesis surveys the feminine situation in Taiwan probing in depth into the issues related to the feminine situation. It discusses discriminatory conditions and the inequal treatment which women suffer in all aspects of life. Above all, to advance the profound discussions and analyses of women’s issues to awaken people to a sense of awareness of the problems in order to help solve them and eliminate vagueness of women’s societal role as “the second sex”. Further, it contrasts the principles in feminist theory of The Second Sex with the issues of women face in Taiwan. Simone de Beauvoir’s viewpoint is applied by looking into the status of the second sex of women in Taiwan and measures by using various reflections to apply it to the development and the progress of the feminist movement in general. The thesis has three chapters: Chapter I, an analysis of feminine issues from The Second Sex. It describes the development of the occidental feminist movement, discusses feminism, others and existence, from a women’s perspective, and the turning points and the dilemmas of career woman in the area of occupation. Chapter II, a discussion about feminine issues in Taiwan, deals with the development and the progress of feminism in Taiwan, some of the awkward situations which women of Taiwan find themselves in, and obstacles faced in areas of family, education and occupation. Finally, in chapter III, explanation of the theory of The Second Sex and applying it to the feminine issues in Taiwan. It is a summary that combines ideas in chapters one and two to bring up the constructive opinions. There is a discussion about the writing of five French writers and an additional analysis of the difficulties and the solutions a woman balancing the role of mother and career woman may need, as well.

    The primary intent of The Second Sex is not as much to bring up concrete solutions to change women’s secondary status, as it is to awaken women to their own need to discard gender prejudices. The Second Sex lets women know: They can make a choice to be equal, by discarding a male orientated society’s indoctrination that makes women feel inferior they can turn inward to realizing a deep consciousness that they are not, all it takes is enough courage, self-confidence, and equally important, effort.
    顯示於類別:[法國語文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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