|摘要: ||透過安潔拉．卡特的短篇小說《染血的房間》，本論文旨在解構童話故事中深植的女性形象。卡特改編的童話故事加入了性與暴力於那些經典的童話故事中，像是白雪公主, 灰姑娘, 藍鬍子和美女與野獸，推翻了在父權思想體制下被壓抑的女性形象。卡特運用情色文學的元素，打破深根蒂固地男尊女卑的關係。藉由卡特的改編故事，女性從她們壓抑的性慾望中解放並且更進一步地提高了女性在歷史中的地位。|
Through reading Angela Carter’s collection of short stories, The Bloody Chamber, this thesis aims to deconstruct the fixed female images in the traditional fairy tales. By appending sexuality and violence in the classic stories, such as Snow White, Cinderella, Blue Beard, and Beauty and the Beast, Carter’s revisions overturn the repressive images and ideology of patriarchy which oppress women in every aspect. Carter regarded herself as a “moral pornographer” to utilize pornographic materials to break the fixed relationship between men and women. By her revisions, women are emancipated from the repression of their sexual desire, and moreover, create their own discourses in the history.
The first Chapter overturns the binary oppositions and the stereotypes of women in Carter’s “The Snow Child” and “Ashputtle and the Mother’s Ghost,” two revised stories of Snow White and Cinderella. By using Mary Daly’s theory, I points out the deception and dismemberment of patriarchy through myths and fairy tales which Carter endeavors to deconstruct in her revisions.
The second chapter analyzes the device of sexuality and violence in Carter’s “The Bloody Chamber,” the revision of “Blue Beard.” In terms of Hélène Cixous’ theory of feminine writing, women should express their sexuality and desire without shame. Carter, like Cixous’ idea of feminine writing toward sexuality, exercises the device of sexual language and implication to deconstruct the ideology of sexual slavery in men and women relationship. This device of sexual imagination is the rite of passage for Carter to develop an image of new women who speaks out their sexual desire courageously.
With the other two revisions, “The Courtship of My Lyon” and “The Tiger’s Bride,” based on Beauty and the Beast, the third chapter keeps on analyzing the device of sexuality of the variations. The female protagonists survive within their narratives to express their body and transform the violence into power to fight against the patriarchy. Through repeating and revising the traditional fairy tales which are designed by patriarchal authority, Carter discharges the power of discourse within the traditional stories and liberates the repression of sexuality.
The device of sexuality and violence gathers the missing elements of feminine writing, such as voluptuous language, the intercourse, the corpse, and the bloody amputated bodies, which are unfamiliar in female writing due to the fact that women are banished from certain themes and topics in patriarchal society. However, Carter’s revisions utilize the device of sexuality and violence to shatter and overturn the repression and stereotype of women. According to Carter, women have the right to freely express their sexuality and bodies and should neither be defined nor confined by patriarchal rules or social standard. “Women are not the slaves of history, but its makers,” she develops a new image for women to speak out their bodies and desire without shame.