English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 51931/87076 (60%)
Visitors : 8487084      Online Users : 97
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/29982

    Title: Cognitive categorization of count/mass distinction in English common nouns : a case study among learners of English as a foreign language
    Other Titles: 認知教學於英文普通名詞之可數/不可數區辨概念 : 以英語為外語學習者之個案研究
    Authors: 林昆輝;Lin, Kun-hui
    Contributors: 淡江大學英文學系碩士班
    胡映雪;Hu, Ying-hsueh
    Keywords: 認知教學;文法翻譯;認知分類;Cognitive Instruction;Grammar Translation;Categorization
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:14:49 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 英文的可數與不可數名詞的觀念,對外國語言的教學一直是一個挑戰。而傳統的文法和實體論的解釋均無法成功地幫助學習者針對名詞可數/不可數的使用方法,建立有系統且一致的概念。如Lakoff (1986)表示,語言是人類認知的產物,因此可數/不可數區辨應被視為分類名詞時的一種概念性的活動。此論述已為本研究導引出另一種更能適切地解釋可數/不可數名詞的教學方法。



    Teaching English count-mass concept has been a challenge in foreign language classrooms. It seems that both traditional grammatical and ontological explanations fail to help learners construct systematic and consistent knowledge about the correct use of these two senses. As Lakoff (1986) suggests, language is a result of human cognition, the count-mass distinction should be best envisaged as a conceptual activity through which nouns are categorized. This statement has led to an alternative pedagogy proposed in this study to better interpret the count-mass distinction.

    This study is to investigate the effect of cognitive instruction by using schematic categorization models on EFL college learners’ acquisition of count-mass common nouns. A reliability-and-validity-tested item bank of 41 questions was established as a source of tests to gauge subjects’ progress. 21 out of the 41 questions were designed with the proto meaning while the rest 20 with the extended. A pilot study carried out to test the viability of the new method reported significant progress over two weeks. The main study consisted of 60 freshmen of low intermediate English proficiency throughout a treatment of four weeks plus an interval of 4 more weeks for the delayed post-test. Subjects randomly signed up for one group taught with a new methodology termed Cognitive Instruction Method (CIM) and the other Grammar Translation Method (GTM). During the treatment, the CIM group received 7 sets of image schemas with each set referring to one category of nouns along with conceptual explanation while the GTM group received 7 images with each denoting one category of nouns along with grammatical explanation and translation.

    The results showed that both the CIM and GTM groups report significant progress. However, the CIM group outperformed the GTM group in the post-test and the delayed post-test significantly. This suggests that the cognitive instruction can prominently enhance subjects’ performance in learning count-mass nouns and help retain knowledge longer than the grammar translation method. In terms of the learning of proto and extended meanings, the CIM group again improved considerably more than the GTM group, but regressed significantly in extended learning by comparing with the scores of their immediate post-test. Both protocol and interview data reveal a frequent use of ontological explanations among subjects of both groups to understand the distinction between count and mass nouns.

    This study serves as a pilot experiment into the pedagogical application of cognitive instruction to the learning of count and mass nouns. Implications drawn from this study indicate a potent viability of applying the cognitive instruction method to foreign language classrooms. Some suggestions are further discussed for future research.
    Appears in Collections:[英文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback