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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/29970

    Title: The ecological fantasy : a study of Tolkien's the lord of the rings and Le Guin's earthsea series
    Other Titles: 生態奇幻文學 : 探討托爾金的《魔戒》和勒瑰恩的《地海》系列
    Authors: 羅美文;Lo, Mei-wen
    Contributors: 淡江大學英文學系博士班
    林耀福;Lin, Yao-fu
    Keywords: 奇幻文學;地方意識;土地倫理;女性生態主義;他者;野性;平衡;fantasy;Sense of Place;land ethic;ecofeminism;Other;equilibrium
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:14:18 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   由於人類大量生產有害環境的物質,導致全球各地生態環境日趨惡化,大自然反撲的現象不斷出現,除了人類本身,各種生態物種的生存條件也變得非常嚴峻。在生物學、環境學、政治學、人文等各個不同領域的專家不斷挺身呼籲之下,人們終於開始逐漸反省人與自然的關係,不該只是從大自然中剝取人們需要的資源,而應從整體生態體系思考如何維續自然的平衡。在文學方面,近幾年來奇幻文學作品在世界各地掀起一波波的熱潮,從星際大戰、羅琳的《哈利波特》到托爾金的《魔戒》都被翻拍成電影,形成一股流行文化現象。不論是成人或兒童,都可能被奇幻文學這特殊的文類所吸引,尤其有些奇幻文學作者試圖以這種文類中的另一個神話世界般的故事,來反映現實社會的缺失,促使讀者重新檢視人與自然、人與社會、人與人之間的相處模式,呼籲不再以人類為發展中心,重建人與大地萬物的關係、親近自然、尊重生態多樣性。
      A great deal of ecological literature tries to eliminate the separation of humans from their ecosystem, to reconnect the reader to an awareness that humans are intimately connected to the world, and not simply objective bystanders. J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings trilogy and Ursula K. Le Guin’s The Earthsea Series are generally considered milestones in the genre of fantasy fiction. Both writers try to use the fantasy narrative to conceive a new paradigm for environmental ethics. In this dissertation shows how the ecological fantasies of Le Guin and Tolkien not only reflect the changing relationships between culture and the cosmos, but also exemplifies a way to live a meaningful and fulfilling life in an era of ecological crisis.
      The first “adventure” is into the world of Middle-earth. In his landscape narrative, Tolkien’s sense of place comes through strongly and the interrelationship between the natural world and the characters display his ecological message—recovery, escape and consolation to the readers. The second adventure is into the world of Earthsea. The focus is on the moral dialectic emerging form the lands, people, and events of Earthsea. The discussion is divided into into three main parts: the landscape of Earthsea; the act of naming the world, and finally witches, wives and dragons in the Earthsea. The third adventure chapter focuses on the descriptions of the ecological crisis in Middle-earth and Earthsea, Threebeard, Saruman and uses balance as an “operational” term The fourth journey undertaken analyzes the how the central characters’ move out and away from the world of Middle-earth (the Land home) and that of Earthsea (the Sea home), to the place of their adventures in the forest, city or sea, followed by their return home to the harmonious earth, to the land/sea. The main characters undergo a similar experience, and through them both writers transmit an ecological message, which is the key to the survival of our own world.
    Appears in Collections:[英文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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