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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/29941

    Title: Are humans "monkeys?" Margaret Atwood's satirical criticism of biological reductionism in Oryx and Crake
    Other Titles: 人類是”猴子”嗎? 檢視瑪格麗特.愛特伍之《末世男女》中對簡化論生物觀的諷刺性批判
    Authors: 顏淑君;Yen, Shu-chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學英文學系碩士班
    黃逸民;Huang, I-min
    Keywords: 瑪格麗特.愛特伍;末世男女;諷刺性批判;簡化論科學觀;簡化論生物觀;基因簡化論;基因神話;生物決定論;演化理論;社會生物學;Margaret Atwood;Oryx and Crake;Satirical Criticism;Scientific Reductionism;Biological Reductionism;Genetic reductionism;Gene myth;Biological determinism;Evolutionary theories;Sociobiology
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:12:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文旨在以一種較為科學的角度來解析瑪格麗特.愛特伍的小說《末世男女》,並主張愛特伍藉由此小說批判當代流行的簡化論生物觀。
    第二章先追溯當今流行之簡化論生物觀的起源。二十世紀初基因和DNA (去氧核糖核酸)結構的發現大大影響了生物學及演化理論的發展,進而使簡化論生物觀成為主流。接著介紹兩種常因其簡化論生物觀而被批評的生物學觀點:一是基因簡化論,露絲.哈伯德及泰德.彼得將之稱為「基因神話」;二則是由愛德華.威爾森所創立的社會生物學。最後我將論述克雷科—《末世男女》中最主要的科學家角色—如何展現出這兩種簡化論生物學觀點,進而成為簡化論生物觀的代表。另外我也將闡明為何克雷科所創造出的克雷科人是其簡化論生物觀的具體呈現。
    This thesis endeavors to examine Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake from a more scientific angle, proposing that Atwood actually criticizes the biological reductionism prevailing in the contemporary society by writing Oryx and Crake.
    This thesis is divided into four chapters. In the first chapter, I will present a brief introduction to Margaret Atwood, her latest novel Oryx and Crake, and their relationship to science. I will also offer the concise reviews and summaries of the academic critiques of this novel, and the motivation and argument of my thesis. Moreover, a condensed account of what scientific reductionism is will be given, too.
    In Chapter Two, I will trace the origin of the biological reductionism prevailing in the present days. I will illustrate how the discovery of genes and DNA structure in the beginning of 20th century influences the development of biology, including evolutionary theories, which formulate the mainstream of biological reductionism. Then, I will introduce two biological concepts that are often criticized for their biological reductionism: one is genetic reductionism, or gene myth in Ruth Hubbard and Ted Peters’ term, and the other is sociobiology founded by Edmund O. Wilson. Lastly, I will prove how Crake, the main scientist in Oryx and Crake, displays these two reductionist biological notions and hence becomes the representative of biological reductionism. In addition, I will also clarify why the Crakers created by Crake are the reification of Crake’s reductionist view of biology.
    In Chapter Three, I will firstly explain how Jimmy, the best friend of Crake, symbolizes the humanist conception that stresses the difference between humans and other creatures as well as the uniqueness of human beings to resist and criticize Crake’s biological reductionist attitude. Then, I will demonstrate how Atwood reveals her criticism and objection to extreme biological reductionism through subverting the Crakers’ features predestinated by Crake. I will discuss the emergence of curiosity, speculating ability, and deductive reasoning of the Crakers as well as the appearance of religion, art, and leadership among them that are all unforeseen by Crake.
    The last chapter will elucidate how the end of Oryx and Crake implies Atwood’s relatively optimistic attitude to human crisis of being reduced by reductionist view of biology. Through the open ending of the novel, Atwood provides more possibilities instead of the only absolute future determined by Crake, and hence enunciates her criticism against the extreme biological reductionism and scientific reductionism, which impels her readers to reflect seriously on this issue, too.
    Appears in Collections:[英文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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