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    題名: 香港高等教育評鑑制度之研究
    其他題名: A study on higher education evaluation system in Hong Kong
    作者: 林鳳婷;Lin, Feng-ting
    貢獻者: 淡江大學高等教育研究所碩士班
    楊瑩;Chan, Ying
    關鍵詞: 香港;高等教育;評鑑制度;Hong Kong;Higher education;evaluation in higher education
    日期: 2009
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:01:36 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究採用文件分析法與訪談法,主要探討香港高等教育評鑑制度。主要目的包括:(一)瞭解香港高等教育制度的發展與重要政策改革;(二)探討香港高等教育的發展現況與未來的改革趨勢;(三)分析香港高等教育評鑑制度之建構沿革與發展;(四)檢視香港高等教育評鑑之實施方式與結果;(五)根據究發現提出可供我國借鏡之建議。
    本研究之主要發現或結論有:
    一、香港高等教育制度在港英政府統治時期,主要是沿襲英格蘭高等教育制度,大學為三年制,自1997年香港回歸中國大陸之後,其高等教育大學部即已朝改為四年制規劃。
    二、為提升民眾教育水平及擴大高等教育的受教機會,近十年來香港政府已將擴增高等教育參與率列為高等教育政策改革重點之一,其高等教育已逐漸從原有的「菁英型」人才培養,進入「大眾化」高等教育階段,並向「普及型」高等教育模式發展。
    三、香港的高等教育早期受英國影響,香港大學享有充分的學術自主權,政府部門很少直接干與學校的辦學,其經費補助亦係仿效英制,透過大學教育資助委員會作為政府與大學間之緩衝器,此套行政管理制度沿用迄今。
    四、為配合國際潮流,香港已建立一套「資歷架構」作為各階段教育資格授與之基礎。
    五、香港的高等教育機構類型多元,且各校基本上均有清楚功能區分與定位。
    六、香港高等教育品質保證的制度也深受英國影響,基本上其品質保證工作是由大學教育資助委員會為主軸,其下亦設有「質素保證局」及「研究資助局」,分別負責大學校院的「教與學」品質保證工作及「研究」品質保證工作。
    七、香港高等教育品質保證機制的架構除大學教育資助委員會外,另有香港學術及職業資歷評審局,及聯校素質檢討委員會,分工負責有關香港高等教育的品質保證工作。
    八、香港對未具自評資格的校院是由學術及職業資歷評審局進行學程認可,經認可通過之學程方得招生,而該機構近期評審工作已由本科學位擴展至副學位的認可。
    九、核證便覽是質素核證的重要參考文件,目前香港中文大學之質素核證過程已獲得香港質素保證局高度肯定。
    This study mainly, via adopting the methods document analysis and interview, aims to explore the higher education evaluation system in Hong Kong. Firstly, this study starts with a brief review of higher education development and policy reform in Hong Kong. Then, the focus of this study is on the exploration of the establishment, development and current situation of higher education evaluation system in Hong Kong. Thirdly, this study tries to analyze the practice, problems, and trends of future development of higher education evaluation system in Hong Kong. Finally, learned from the Hong Kong experiences, suggestions related to the future reform of higher education evaluation in Taiwan, are thereby proposed.
    The main conclusions of this study are as follows:
    1.Higher education system in Hong Kong has gradually changed from the one, similar to the English system, to a new 3-3-4 school system, comparable to the mainland China’s school system since 1997. That is, the period of study towards the first degree has decided to chang from the existing 3 years to 4 years in 2012.
    2.In order to provide the people with a wider access to higher education and raise the education standard of people in Hong Kong, the Hong Kong government has decided to expand its higher education from a ‘elite’ mode of higher education to a ‘mass’ or, recently ‘universal’ mode of higher education, by aiming to increase the participation rate from the existing 18% to 60% in 2012.
    3.Influenced by the British government, universities in Hong Kong, especially the University of Hong Kong, has enjoyed with a very high degree of academic autonomy, and the fund of government has been allocated via the University Grants Committee, which has acted as a ‘buffer’ between the universities and the government.
    4.In accordance with the international trend, Hong Kong has already set up its own ‘qualification framework’.
    5.Higher education institutions (HEIs) in Hong Kong have been classified into different types by the UGC, and each type of HEIs is expected to play its own role and function differently, by the existing differentiation of functions, set by the UGC.
    6.The system of quality assurance in higher education of Hong Kong has operated or supervised by three different agencies: the University Grants Committee, Hong Kong Council for Accreditation of Academic and Vocational Qualifications, and the Joint Quality Review Committee.
    7.The ‘Quality Assurance Council’ and ‘Research Grants Council’ in the UGC are responsible for the quality assurance of ‘teaching’ and ‘research’ in higher education, respectively. The ‘Quality Assurance Council’ mainly conducts its academic review via institutional audit toward the HEIs, which are granted the status of ‘self- assessed’, and the ‘Research Grants Council’ mainly adopt the mechanism, similar to the RAE in the UK.
    8.Those HEIs, other than those being granted the status of the ‘self-assesed’, their programs are mainly assessed or accredited by the Hong Kong Council for Accreditation of Academic and Vocational Qualifications. As to the sub-degree programs or continuing education programs offered by the ‘self-assed’ universities are revied by the Joint Quality Review Committee.
    顯示於類別:[高等教育研究所] 學位論文

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